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[Econ] Ah Yes, Bad Infrastructure
2020.07.09 02:19 ForeignGuess[Econ] Ah Yes, Bad Infrastructure
[Econ] Ah Yes, Bad Infrastructure Russia is known for many things, vodka, dancing, memes, dash cam videos, and many other things. One thing that Russia is semi-known for is bad infrastructure, whether it be roads or buildings, Russia has awful infrastructure outside of Moscow. For example, the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug does not even have a highway connecting to it, the best way to access the okrug is to take a boat or a plane. This is just one of the examples of the lack of proper infrastructure development across Russia.
Russia is a very large country, and travel across it is fairly difficult due to the deteriorating road quality across the country. Furthermore, travel during the winter months is also very difficult as roads have a tendency to freeze over in the colder parts of Russia. As a result, these combined factors lead to road travel outside of the Moscow region being difficult and unpredictable, and dangerous as a result. It’s no surprise that Russia is known for road accidents and traffic accidents. A rehabilitation initiative to repair, rebuild, and pave roads across Russia will take place over the next five years, and will cost around $10 billion USD total. Roads all across Russia will be repaired and paved to bring ease of transportation, and to hopefully reduce the number of road accidents and deaths. While this will take a very long time, and cost a lot financially, the results will be well worth it in the end. In addition to not only repairing roads, some new technology to enable much easier defrosting of roads will be incorporated. This new technology will have a trial run on the streets surrounding Moscow to determine if it is able to perform its duties in the proper temperature in addition to the load of traffic it would receive. Using a Russian version of this technology called SNOWLESS, we can eventually be able to install this on all major roads and highways across the country, pending the results of the trial. With this technology, we can ensure that roads will never frost over, or be too covered in snow, and can prevent further traffic deaths and injuries as a result. To guarantee proper water drainage from these roads to reduce loss of traction from the melted snow and ice on the roads, the roads will be angled a specific way to allow for the water to harmlessly drain off to the side of each road. Minor roads and streets will continue to be plowed and salted unless they have demonstrated a specific need for the technology. Not only will the repairing and rebuilding of these roads be beneficial for public use and everyday life, but it will also significantly stimulate the construction industry. For the time that this initiative is taking place, it will lead to a large influx in construction workers, and the industry as a whole. In turn, this will directly benefit the GDP as the construction industry had previously been suffering as a result of the 2014 economic crash. To maintain the quality of these roads, and ensure that a program of this scale and magnitude is never needed again, the roads will be inspected monthly for anything that would degrade the quality of them. These inspections will be conducted either by the Russian police departments in the various regions, or specialized inspectors from the government. The data collected from the roads and on their quality will then be compiled and put into a database where it can be determined if maintenance is needed.
For a country as large as Russia, and considering the vast distances that both people, and goods have to travel to get from one side to the other, it is no wonder that Russia has the third largest rail network in the entire world. The major use of the Russian railways however, is to transport freight and goods across the country, mainly from the resource rich east to the west, where it can be sold off. However, a lot of the resources come from remote areas with inhospitable conditions, and are therefore extremely hard to get access to in order to remove. As a result, it becomes very difficult to take full advantage of the resources available to us within our country. To allow for better access to the rich mineral deposits and additional resources throughout the country, expanding the rail networks is crucial. The first major expansion will be to connect the rail lines from Novyj Urengoj to Nižnij Bestjach across the Russian center. This connection will be across a wide area of vast emptiness, full of taiga forests across the Siberian wastes. As a result, the construction will take some time seeing as moving the materials there will be somewhat of a challenge. Nevertheless, the estimated time of completion for this project is 2023 with the cost being 12 billion. Following the connection of that rail line, the next major expansion will be to have an expansion from Nižnij Bestjach going northeast towards the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, to both provide another means of movement there, and to grant a better way to move resources. By doing this, Nižnij Bestjach will become a transportation hub for northeastern Siberia, and as a result the town should expand further as a result. This rail expansion will end in the town of Anadyr, and will provide a proper connection to the okrug, and everything along the way. From Anadyr, resources and people will be able to be moved to and from the region, and additional places along the way, more efficiently and faster. This expansion will only be 6 billion in comparison to the other line with an estimated completion date of 2025.
While land transport is important, so is water transport, both militarily and civilian. As a result of this, the dockyards of Russia must be expanded further. To provide the proper facilities to manufacture military vessels at a higher rate than currently, the equipment and the facilities in three major shipbuilding facilities will be upgraded to prepare for the new decade. The facilities are as follows: Sevastopol, Saint Petersburg, and Vladivostok. The estimated price for this expansion in total is around $3 billion USD total, which will eventually pay for itself in the ships produced. The expansion and upgrades to these facilities will allow for more ships, and larger ships to be produced in larger numbers and faster. The main shipyards of the country will still be based in Saint Petersburg, and they will have the facilities to enable large ship production. Not only will this expansion enable the production of more ships, but it will also allow for more cargo and goods to be shipped from the country. Additionally, it will allow for more people to be employed in each respective city, with additions such as more cranes and updated technology.
2020.06.14 22:28 Ivan7250How could the Second World War had been won by the Germans? ( It is NOT political ot something else!!)
World War 2 which occurred (1939-1945) was a global conflict. It took place at four continents including all the major powers and other countries. The conflict started with the German invasion of Poland on 1st of September. Before that date the world tension was sky high. It was unstable due to the Italian invasion of Ethiopia(1935), Japanese invasion of China(1937), Spanish civil war(1936), the Anschluss, Munich conference, German invasion of Czechoslovakia, and others. During the Second World War Nazi Germany has made serious mistakes. Mainly they were made on the Eastern front after the beginning of 1942. The battles of Stalingrad and Kursk have inflicted irreversible damage to the Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe. After the battle for Kursk the Germans were not capable of organising and firing offense. The loses were tremendous. But what if we travel back to 1941 and influence the German high command. Let’s see! May 1941 the Battle of Britain has ended inflicting heavy toll on the Luftwaffe. German invasion is ready to be launched in May. But in the real course of the war, Germany was engaged in the Balkan theatre and North Africa. This caused delay in mobilising and organising the Wehrmacht. But let’s presume that these fronts are not opened. Third German Reich against the USSR. The forces brought up in the fight are enormous. 3.9 million German soldiers cross the almost 3000 km border. They are supported by allied armies. Over 4300 German aircraft are brought in the fight, 3350 tanks and 46 000 artilleries. On the other hand the Soviet army was around 2,9 million capable of increasing to 5.5 million. They have had 35 000 to 40 000 aircraft, 15 000 tanks. They outnumbered the German army and air force but there was one significant advantage for the Germans. They had modernized equipment and trained army. Let’s presume that after the fall of France, Germany and Britain signed a peace treaty. Germans took under their control all of occupied North France and Vichy France. Norway is free, Balkan countries are untouched, and Vichy France leave their colonies to Britain. After that peace conference, Germany rejects the Tripartite Pact Italy too. Japan is alone without major allies. The attack on Pearl Harbor might not happen. 3rd of May 1941 Nazi Germany invades the USSR. Germany are deploying their strategy Blitzkrieg. The unprepared, untrained, unaware and under supplied soviet soldiers are smashed and trapped with lighting speed. Soviet planes are being destroyed before they can become airborne. Soviet cities are being sieged, thousands of soldiers and millions of citizens are being trapped, deprived from food and other essential supplies. The German casualties until the end of October are not more than 250 000, while the soviets have lost more than 2,5 million. Germany has air domination over the fronts. The loss ratio between German and Soviet aircraft is 1:50, while the loss ratio between German and Soviet tanks is 1:200. This statistics were not favorable to the USSR. In the begging of December, Germans are in front of the gates of Moscow, Leningrad was sieged and the Wehrmacht was near Stalingrad. Kiev, Minsk, Sevastopol, Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius, Smolensk and other big cities have fallen into German hands. 10th of December the battle of Moscow starts. It was 2 weeks battles with heavy casualties for the both sides. But after all Soviets had surrendered and left their capital. It was the second heaviest hit to the Soviet high command after the siege of Leningrad. After the acknowledge of this news, the soldiers trapped in Leningrad just surrendered. Leningrad falls too. Two vital for the USSR cities have fallen. The whole Wehrmacht is mobilising forward Stalingrad. On the 9th of February 1942 Germans have started the battle of Stalingrad. One week of horror. This battle was the last one of for the whole operation Barbarossa. The battle finished with German triumphal victory.17th of February Germany proclaims to be Greater German Reich. 18th of February peace conference in Germania (Berlin) Greater German Reich is being signed. USSR loses Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic nations, Moscow, Stalingrad, Caucasus, Sevastopol and Leningrad. At the end total loses for Germany are no more than a 600 000 and 6 798 054 for the USSR. The technology lost, cost millions. USSR has lost almost every tank and plane, while the Germans have lost no mere than 14% of their total equipment. Germany recovers in 1 year due to the incalculable amounts of population, factories and harvest land annexed by the Reich. USSR have collapsed into several helpless countries. Germany becomes the only super power in the world. Their relationship with the USA and the UK are not good, but war between them is unthinkable. Something common to the cold war occurs.
2020.05.05 23:03 Junik77The history of the Second world war as I see it . Here I would like to share my opinion and see other people's opinions about the events of the Second world war
Only the fact. Timeline of events leading up to world war 2 and the events of world war 2. The results of world war 1 were disastrous for some States. Germany was forbidden to have a powerful army and Navy, and restrictions were imposed on many weapons. The former Russian Empire, and now Soviet Russia, was also among the losers, especially since in 1920 the lands East of the Curzon line were transferred to Poland. Germany eventually had to negotiate with Soviet Russia to train military specialists on their territory and develop equipment and weapons to circumvent the restrictions imposed on Germany. After joining in 1933. After Hitler came to power, cooperation between Germany and Soviet Russia in the military sphere began to decline and in 1937 almost ceased. These two States were similar only in one way - they had a dictatorship. The political structure, ideology, and principles of achieving victory on a global scale were completely different. If in Germany the racial theory was proclaimed at the state level in Soviet Russia all peoples were recognized as equal. Germany considered the highest race of the Aryans, and the Germans declared themselves direct descendants of the Aryans, that is, Aryans. The two powers had completely different ways of achieving their goal - Germany pursued a policy of territorial conquest and enslavement of the population of other States, while Soviet Russia saw the achievement of its goal in the awareness of the working class of other States of its historical role and the completion of the revolution against capitalism, after which Soviet Russia planned to help such States on the material and human levels. The Pact of four is an international Treaty signed by representatives of Italy, great Britain, Germany and France on July 15, 1933 in Rome. The Treaty provided for political cooperation between the four powers in the League of Nations in order to eliminate the threat of war in Europe. It was assumed that the main efforts of the "Pact of four" would be aimed at revising certain provisions of the Versailles peace treaties of 1919-1920. (as, for example, the recognition of equal rights in armament for Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria). It was tacitly assumed that some of the borders of Versailles (between Germany and Poland and between Hungary and its neighbors) would also be subject to revision. The Declaration of non-use of force between Germany and Poland also called the non — aggression Treaty between Germany and Poland, the Pilsudski - Hitler Pact-a joint Declaration signed by Germany and Poland on January 26, 1934. The adoption of this document has contributed to the temporary normalization of relations between the two States. The text of the Declaration specifically stated that it does not cancel the obligations previously given by the governments of Germany and Poland to third countries. The Anglo-German naval agreement of 1935-a Treaty on the ratio of naval forces between England and Germany ( allowed to increase the strength of the German fleet ). Anti-Comintern Pact - "Japanese-German agreement on defense against communism", date of conclusion-November 25, 1936 The Munich agreement of 1938 between Germany, great Britain, France and Italy ( Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union were not invited to the conference ) stipulated that Czechoslovakia would liberate and cede the Sudetenland to Germany within 10 days. As a result, Germany invaded Czechoslovakia and occupied it except for the tesz region, which was occupied by Poland. Czechoslovakia could resist Germany, but Poland's refusal to allow Soviet troops to help Czechoslovakia and the further occupation of parts of Czechoslovakia by Polish troops ( after which Winston Churchill called Poland " the Hyena of Europe "), as well as pressure from England, France, and Italy, effectively ended Czechoslovak statehood. Since in the end the territories of another state were captured and then followed by a series of other captures by Germany it is from this date that it is logical to start the countdown of world war 2. Also, on September 30, 1938, a Declaration of mutual non-aggression was signed between great Britain and Germany; a little later, on December 6, a similar Declaration was signed between Germany and France. "Duesseldorf agreement" — an agreement signed in Duesseldorf on March 15, 1939, which stipulated the economic division of Europe between the monopolies of Germany and England. It was before the trip to Dusseldorf that Walter Rensimen declared-Gentlemen, the peace of Europe is in your hands! The USSR could not agree with Western countries to create a coalition against Germany as a guarantee of peace on its Western borders and was forced to conclude a non-aggression Treaty with Germany, also called the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact on August 23, 1939. Germany could not agree with the Polish government about the passage to East Prussia ( the territory of Gdansk hindered) and decided to solve this issue cardinally-starting on September 1, 1939. fighting against Poland, a former ally of the occupation of Czechoslovakia, naturally secured a recently concluded agreement with the USSR on non-aggression, starting the war with a provocation in Glijvice. By September 14, the Wehrmacht had captured Brest. September 17, after the Polish government escaped and was interned in Romania. The Soviet Union carried out its troops in Eastern Poland up to the Curzon line as previously recommended by the Supreme Council of the Entente as the Eastern border of Poland in 1920. and captured by Poland from Soviet Russia under the pretext of taking under their protection the lives and property of the population of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus. After the end of the Polish company, Germany transferred the Polish lands to the USSR through the Curzon line. All the time that German troops were engaged in the East in actions against Poland, the allied Anglo-French troops did not undertake any active combat operations on land and in the air. Active military operations are conducted only on sea communications. In the course of the Soviet-Finnish negotiations of 1938-1939, the USSR tried to get Finland to cede part of the Karelian isthmus (the transfer of these territories broke the "Mannerheim line" in the most important direction, Vyborg), as well as to lease several Islands and part of the Hanko Peninsula (Gangut) for military bases, to protect its border from Leningrad ( which was almost on the border), offering in return a territory in Karelia with a total area twice the required Finnish area. Finland, unwilling to make concessions and assume military obligations, insists on concluding a trade agreement and agreeing to the remilitarization of the Aland Islands. On November 30, 1939, the USSR invaded Finland. On March 13, 1940, a peace Treaty was signed in Moscow between Finland and the USSR, according to which Soviet demands were met: the border on the Karelian isthmus near Leningrad was moved to the Northwest from 32 to 150 km, a number of Islands in the Gulf of Finland were moved to the USSR, Finland received in exchange the territories that the USSR offered to Finland before the start of hostilities. On April 9, 1940, Germany invades Denmark and Norway. On may 10, 1940, Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg with 135 divisions. On June 22, the Franco-German armistice was signed in Compiegne, in the same carriage in which the German capitulation was signed in 1918, under which France agrees to occupy most of its territory, demobilize almost the entire land army, and internment the Navy and air force. In the free zone, as a result of the July 10 coup, the authoritarian regime of Petain (Vichy Regime) is established, which has taken a course of close cooperation with Germany. France lost. Back in the autumn of 1939, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania signed mutual aid agreements with the USSR, on June 17, 1940, the USSR issued an ultimatum to the Baltic States, with active support from Moscow, state coups were simultaneously taking place in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Governments that are friendly to Communists come to power, and in the conditions of a significant Soviet military presence, uncontested elections to the Supreme authorities are held. On August 3, the Lithuanian SSR, on August 5, the Latvian SSR, and on August 6, the Estonian SSR were admitted to the USSR. Great Britain, left almost alone in the European theater of war, continues to resist Germany. In 1940. The United States is beginning to actively help England in the war with Germany, despite the fact that the US government on September 5, 1939. made a Declaration of neutrality in the war that began in Europe. During the entire period after the occupation of France and until June 22, 1941. Germany continues its aggressive policy and occupies the Mediterranean and the Balkans. Joint efforts with Italy are fighting in North Africa. Early Sunday morning, June 22, 1941, Germany declared war on the Soviet Union. For the USSR, the Great Patriotic war began in Europe before it did not participate in the war. At the initial stage using the surprise and concentration of the Wehrmacht Germany achieved great success capturing most of the European USSR and reaching November 1941. to the outskirts of Moscow. The defense of Odessa lasted 2 months. During the heroic defense of the red army there were about 41,000 total losses, the total losses of German-Romanian troops in the area of Odessa amounted to more than 160 thousand soldiers, about 200 aircraft and up to 100 tanks Until the end of September 1941. The red army irrevocably lost 430 578 people. killed and missing, captured – 1 699 099 people.Germany irrevocably lost more than 200,000, more than 400,000 wounded. In the battle of Moscow from November 15, 1941. until December 1941. ( thanks to Sorge's information from Japan that Japan was not planning an attack on the USSR, Siberian divisions of the red army were transferred to Moscow from the far East ) the Wehrmacht suffered a crushing defeat. Being 25 km from Moscow, it was pushed back 150-200 km from Moscow. The number of troops and military equipment of the red army to the beginning of the operation - 1.250.000 people., guns and mortars-7.600 units., tanks and self-propelled guns-990 units., aircraft – 677 units. The number of troops and military equipment of the Wehrmacht to the beginning of the revolution - 1.750.000 people., guns and mortars-13.680 units., tanks and self-propelled guns-1.683 units, aircraft-1.354 units. Losses - red army irretrievable losses – 139.586 people. December 7, 1941, Japan strikes the American naval base pearl Harbor. During the attack, which involved 441 aircraft based on six Japanese aircraft carriers, 8 battleships, 6 cruisers and more than 300 us aircraft were sunk and severely damaged. Us entry into the war. Since November 1941, lend lease extends to the USSR, but since November 1941. and until the second half of 1943, deliveries are not regular, of the promised England 800 aircraft and 1000 tanks, which the USSR was supposed to receive in October-December 1941, received 669 aircraft (for comparison-on October 1, 1941, as part of the 3 fronts that protected Moscow, there were 568 aircraft and 389 of them serviceable) and 487 tanks. The United States from October 1941 to June 30, 1942 sent to the USSR 545 aircraft, 783 tanks, more than 3 times less than promised, as well as 16,502 trucks, that is, more than 5 times less than planned. On December 8, the Japanese block the British military base in Hong Kong and launch an invasion of Thailand, British Malaya, and the American Philippines. On December 10, the Japanese capture the American base on the island of GUAM, on December 23-on Wake island, on December 25, Hong Kong fell. on December 8, the Japanese break through the British defenses in Malaya and, rapidly advancing, push the British troops back to Singapore. Singapore, which had previously been considered an "impregnable fortress" by the British, fell on February 15, 1942, after a 6-day siege. By the end of may 1942, Japan, at the cost of minor losses, managed to establish control over Southeast Asia and northwestern Oceania. American, British, Dutch, and Australian forces have suffered a crushing defeat, losing all their main forces in the region. In the first half of 1942, the loss of Anglo-American ships in the Atlantic again increases. German submarines are operating in almost all the waters of the Atlantic ocean. In the summer of 1941, all German aircraft operating in the Mediterranean were transferred to the Soviet-German front. This facilitates the tasks of the British, who, taking advantage of the passivity of the Italian fleet, seize the initiative in the Mediterranean. On may 26, 1942, Germany and Italy resume their offensive in Libya. The British suffer heavy losses and are again forced to retreat. On June 21, the English garrison in Tobruk surrenders. The Italo-German forces continue to advance successfully and on July 1 they approach the British defensive line at El Alamein, 60 km from Alexandria, where they are forced to stop due to heavy losses. On the Eastern front on January 8, 1942, the forces of the Kalinin, Western and North-Western front go on the offensive against the German army group Center, the Wehrmacht preserves the Rzhev-Vyazemsky bridgehead, which is a danger to Moscow. Attempts by the Volkhov and Leningrad fronts to unblock Leningrad were also unsuccessful and led to the encirclement of part of the Volkhov front's forces in March 1942.. Meanwhile, both the Soviet and German sides were waiting for the summer of 1942 to implement their offensive plans. The Soviet offensive at Kharkiv, launched in may 1942, ended in failure. The German troops managed to parry the blow, defeated the Soviet troops and went on the offensive themselves. Soviet troops also suffered a crushing defeat in the Crimea. 9 months of Soviet sailors held Sevastopol, the losses of the red Army and Navy during the defense of Sevastopol amounted to more than 200 thousand people, the Germans and Romanians lost killed, missing, wounded in the battles near Sevastopol more than 300 thousand people. and by July 4, 1942, the remnants of Soviet troops were evacuated to Novorossiysk. As a result, the Soviet defense in the southern sector was weakened. Taking advantage of this, the German command launched a strategic offensive in two directions: Stalingrad and the Caucasus.After fierce fighting near Voronezh and in the Donbass, the German troops of army group B managed to break into the big bend of the don. In mid-July, the battle of Stalingrad began, which ended with the encirclement and destruction of 300,000 Wehrmacht units and the capture of field Marshal Paulus on February 2, 1943. On 19 November 1942. Operation Uranus has begun. Forces of the red Army - more than 1.1 million people, 1560 tanks, more than 15 thousand guns and mortars, more than 1.9 thousand aircraft, Germany-about 1 million people, 675 tanks, more than 10 thousand guns and mortars, aircraft over 1.2 thousand. During the battle of Stalingrad, the red Army lost 1,129,619 men; the Wehrmacht and its allies (Italians, Romanians, Hungarians, Croats) lost about 1.5 million men. Army group A, which was advancing on the Caucasus, took Rostov-on-don on July 23 and continued its offensive on Kuban. On August 12, Krasnodar was taken. However, in the battles in the foothills of the Caucasus and near Novorossiysk, the Soviet troops managed to stop the enemy. In August 1942, the Germans captured Stavropol and Maykop, and on October 28 they captured Nalchik. the Soviet troops were able to stop them only at the approaches to Ordzhonikidze and Malgobek. At Malgobek, elements of the SS Viking division suffered a crushing defeat. By the end of January 24, 1943. The red army liberated Mozdok, Pyatigorsk, Armavir, and Krasnodar on February 12. Since April 17, active fighting has stopped on most sections of the front. in 1943, the red army launched an offensive in the Central and South-Western directions of the Soviet Union. front's. However, the Rzhev-Sychevsky operation conducted from July 30 to the end of September was not successful. At this time, a major naval battle of world war II in the Pacific, which took place in June 1942, is called the Battle of midway Atoll. The decisive victory of the US Navy over the Combined Japanese fleet was a turning point in the war in the Pacific. The Japanese fleet, which lost 4 heavy aircraft carriers, 248 aircraft and the best pilots, was forever unable to operate effectively outside the zones of coastal aviation cover. On the Eastern front, the battle of the Kursk bulge took place from July 5 to August 23, 1943. It was attended by about 2 million people, 6 thousand tanks, 4 thousand aircraft. As a result, the Oryol grouping of German troops was defeated, and the Oryol strategic bridgehead occupied by it was liquidated, as well as the Belgorod-Kharkiv grouping of the Wehrmacht was defeated.From 5 to 23 July 1943, the Germans lost 70,000 dead, 3,095 tanks and self-propelled guns, 844 field guns, 1,392 aircraft, and over 5,000 vehicles. The radical change in the course of the great Patriotic war, which began at Stalingrad, was completed in the battle of Kursk and the battle of the Dnieper. At the same time, the coalition Forces conducted the Sicilian operation, which did not affect the battle of Kursk, since the Germans were transferring forces from West to East, so "the defeat of the Wehrmacht in the battle of Kursk facilitated the actions of Anglo-American troops in Italy." From August 24, 1943 to December 23, 1943.. the battle of the Dnieper took place, during which significant red Army forces crossed the river, created several strategic bridgeheads on the right Bank of the river, and liberated the city of Kiev. The battle of the Dnieper became one of the largest battles in world history. On both sides, up to 4 million people took part in the battle, and its front stretched for 750 kilometers. As a result of a four-month operation, the left-Bank Ukraine was almost completely liberated by the red army from the Nazi invaders. On July 10, 1943, the allies landed in Sicily. In September 1943, Anglo-American troops landed in the South of the Appennine Peninsula. By January 1944, the allies had reached the German winter line fortifications around Monte Cassino and the Garigliano river. In January, February and March 1944, they attacked German positions three times in order to break through the enemy's defenses on the Garigliano river and enter Rome, but due to the deteriorating weather, heavy rains, they failed, and the front line stabilized until may 1944. In November 1943, the allies managed to capture the Japanese island of Tarawa. At the end of 1943-the first half of 1944, the main fighting took place in the southern sector of the front. The Germans leave the territory of Ukraine. The red Army in the South reaches the border of 1941 and enters the territory of Romania. May 9, 1944. released g.Sevastopol. On June 6, 1944, the allied forces of the United States, great Britain, and Canada, after two months of diversionary maneuvers, conduct the largest amphibious operation in history and land in Normandy.In September, the allied offensive on Belgian territory begins. By the end of 1944, the Germans were having a hard time stabilizing the front line in the West. In the summer of 1944, the red army began its offensive in Eastern Belarus. By autumn, almost all the previously occupied territory of the USSR had been cleared of German troops: Belarus, Ukraine, and the Baltic States. In July 1944, the Red Army crossed the border into Poland. The uprising in Warsaw against the German occupiers was raised on August 1, 1944, by underground detachments of the home Army, when its commander, th. It seemed to Bur‑Komorovsky and the Polish emigrant government that red Army units were about to break into the capital of Poland, but the red army command was not informed of the plans of the rebels – the "London poles" refused to coordinate their actions with the Headquarters of the VGK of the USSR. Before the approach to Warsaw, the formations of the 1st Belorussian front of Marshal K. K. Rokossovsky overcame hundreds of kilometers, were weakened by heavy fighting and suffered serious losses. Despite this, Soviet troops and parts of the Polish Army made desperate attempts to break through to the rebels. However, after liberating the suburb of the Polish capital (Prague district), the Red Army faced fierce German resistance. About 500 tanks were hit on the approaches to Warsaw.More than 200,000 poles, primarily civilians, were killed during the uprising. The remnants of the home Army units operating in Warsaw surrendered to the enemy on October 2, 1944. On December 16, the Wehrmacht launched a counteroffensive in the Ardennes. The Germans manage to advance 100 km deep into Belgium, but on December 22, General Patton's American 3rd army launched a counteroffensive, attacking the Germans from the South, and by December 25, 1944, the German offensive had collapsed, and the allies launched a General counteroffensive. By December 27, the Germans did not hold the captured positions in the Ardennes and began to retreat. In February-March 1945, the allies captured all German territory West of the Rhine and crossed the Rhine during the Meuse-Rhine operation. German troops, having suffered heavy defeats in the Ardennes and Meuse-Rhine operations, retreated to the right Bank of the Rhine. In April 1945, the allies surrounded German army group B in the Ruhr and by 17 April had defeated it, and the Wehrmacht lost the Ruhr industrial area. On the Eastern ( Soviet-German ) front, the Vistula is held‑Oder strategic operations from January 12 to February 3, 1945 as a result of the war, Soviet troops completely liberate Poland from German troops and reach the border of the Oder river. Berlin is 60 km away. During the liberation of Poland from the German-fascist invaders, the USSR irrevocably lost over 600,000 people. In February 1945, the Budapest operation was carried out. At the end of April, 1945. The red army begins its offensive on Berlin. The Nazi leadership tried to prolong the war in order to achieve a separate peace with Britain and the United States and split the anti-Hitler coalition ( which did not happen ). At the same time, it was crucial to hold the front against the Soviet Union. In the course of the Berlin offensive, the Rate of the VGK of the USSR concentrated 1.9 million against the Germans. people, 6250 tanks, more than 7,500 aircraft. The allies - the Polish troops of the Ludova army-also took part: 155,900 people. German troops had: 1 million people, 1,500 tanks, more than 3,300 aircraft. Berlin itself was turned into a powerful fortified area. On April 17, the troops of the 1st Belorussian front fought a fierce battle with the enemy. By the morning of April 18, tank and rifle formations, supported by the aviation of the 16th and 18th air armies, took Zelovsky heights. Overcoming the stubborn defense of German troops and repelling violent counterattacks, the front's troops broke through the third defensive line by the end of April 19 and were able to develop the offensive on Berlin. The real threat of encirclement forced the commander of the 9th German army, T. Busse, to come out with a proposal to withdraw the army to the suburbs of Berlin and occupy a strong defense there. On April 21, units of the 3rd shock, 2nd guards tank, 47th and 5th shock armies overcame the third defense lane, broke into the outskirts of Berlin and began fighting there. Operating in the auxiliary direction, the 61st army and the 1st army of The Polish Army, starting the offensive on April 17, with persistent fighting overcame the German defense, bypassed Berlin from the North and moved to the Elbe. By the end of April 24, formations of the 28th army of the 1st Ukrainian front came into contact with units of the 8th guards army of the 1st Belorussian front, thereby encircling General Busse's 9th army Southeast of Berlin and cutting it off from the city. At 12 p.m. on April 25, the ring closed around Berlin. The Berlin garrison consisted of at least 200,000 men, 3,000 guns, and 250 tanks. The defense of the city was carefully planned and well prepared. It was based on a system of heavy fire, strong points and resistance nodes. The closer to the center of the city, the more dense the defense became. Massive stone buildings with thick walls gave it special strength. Windows and doors of many buildings were sealed up and turned into embrasures for firing. The streets were blocked by powerful barricades up to four meters thick. The defenders had a large number of faustpatrons, which turned out to be a formidable anti-tank weapon in the context of street fighting. Of no small importance in the enemy's defense system were underground structures that were widely used by the enemy for maneuvering troops, as well as for hiding them from artillery and bomb attacks. On April 30, 1945 at 21: 30, units of the 150th rifle division under the command of major General V. M. Shatilov and the 171st rifle division under the command of Colonel A. I. Negoda stormed the main part of the Reichstag building. The remaining Hitlerite units put up a stubborn resistance. April 30, 1945. A. Hitler committed suicide, had to Fight for every room. In the early morning of may 1, the assault flag of the 150th rifle division was raised over the Reichstag, but the battle for the Reichstag continued all day and only on the night of may 2, the Reichstag garrison capitulated. At 1 a.m. on may 2, the radio stations of the 1st Belorussian front received a message in Russian: "Please cease fire. We are sending parliamentarians to the Potsdam bridge." A German officer who arrived at the appointed place on behalf of the commander of the defense of Berlin, General Weidling, announced the readiness of the Berlin garrison to stop resistance. At 6 a.m. on may 2, General of artillery Weidling, accompanied by three German generals, crossed the front line and surrendered. From April 16 to may 8, the Soviet forces lost 352475 men, of which 78291 were irretrievably lost. The losses of Polish troops during the same period amounted to 8892 people, of which 2,825 were irretrievably lost. Losses of military equipment amounted to 1997 tanks and self-propelled guns, 2108 guns and mortars, 917 combat aircraft. Losses of German troops killed amounted to about 400 thousand people, prisoners about 380 thousand people. Part of the German troops were pushed back to the Elbe and capitulated to the allied forces. By 13 o'clock on may 9, the advanced detachment of the 6th guards tank army of the 2nd Ukrainian front entered Prague. The resistance of individual units of the SS divisions "Reich", " Viking "and" Wallenstein " continued until 16:00, when the Germans capitulated. The first time the German representatives signed the surrender in Reims, France, the second-near Berlin, about two days later, because the signing in Reims was not attended by representatives of the USSR, the surrender to the allies in Reims took place on the initiative of the Germans themselves, who were afraid of being captured by the red army. The representative of the Soviet Supreme high command Headquarters at the allied command in Susloparov did not receive clear instructions from the Supreme high command and signed an act with the reservation that this document may not be final. I. V. Stalin declared: "The Treaty signed at Rheims cannot be revoked, but it cannot be recognized. Capitulation must be made as an important historical act and accepted not on the territory of the victors, but where the fascist aggression came from-in Berlin, and not unilaterally, but necessarily by the Supreme command of all the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition." The second time the surrender was signed at midnight from 8 to 9 may 1945 in the Berlin suburb of Karlshorst in the building of the former canteen of the military engineering school, the re-signing ceremony of the Act of surrender of Germany began. The Soviet side was represented by Marshal G. K. Zhukov and A. ya. Vyshinsky, while the Western allies were represented by British air Marshal A.V. tedder, American General Karl Spaats (commander of the us strategic air forces) and General J. D. de Tassigny (commander-in-chief of the French army). Germany was represented by field Marshal Keitel, Admiral of the fleet von Friedeburg, and Colonel-General of aviation Stumpf. The signing of the act in Karlshorst took place on may 8, 1945 at 22: 43 Central European time, and it entered into force, as it was agreed in Reims, at 23: 01 on may 8. However, according to Moscow time, these events occurred at 0: 43 and 1: 01 on may 9. This discrepancy in time was the reason why Victory Day in Europe became may 8, and in the Soviet Union – may 9. According to the results of the Yalta conference, the USSR pledged to transfer troops from Europe to the far East within 3 months after the end of the war with Germany and begin a large-scale offensive by August 8, 1945, in return for receiving the Kurils and southern Sakhalin. On August 8, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, and on August 9, launched an offensive and within 2 weeks inflicted a crushing defeat on the Japanese Kwantung army in Manchukuo. On September 2, at 9:02 Tokyo time (4:02 Moscow time), an act of unconditional surrender of Japan was signed on Board the USS Missouri. The state of war between the USSR and Japan was ended by the Joint Declaration of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Japan of October 19, 1956. However, the peace Treaty between the USSR and Japan was never signed. Japan disputes Russia's ownership of the southern Kuril Islands — Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan and the Habomai group of Islands, which were ceded to the USSR according to the agreements of the Yalta conference. Total human losses reached 60-65 million people, of which 27 million people were killed at the front, many of them Soviet citizens. Germany lost up to 8 million soldiers and up to 3 million civilians. The USSR lost up to 9 million soldiers ( over 2 million in captivity) and up to 20 million civilians. The United States lost over 400,000 soldiers, including about 300,000 in the war with Japan, great Britain about 300,000 soldiers, Poland about 1 million soldiers and about 6 million civilians, Japan about 2 million soldiers and 700,000 civilians. Not counting other countries that lost up to half a million soldiers. I believe that it is not worth considering who lost more and who less, who invested more in the victory and who less. The most important thing is that the victory was won over evil, together, helping each other as much as possible. Do not look for the most important winner. If it were not for the allied landings in Normandy and lend-lease assistance, the Soviet Union might have, and even most likely would have, defeated Hitler's Germany, but this would have happened at least 2-3 years later and additional losses would have amounted to several million people. The same is true for other members of the anti-Hitler coalition. It is necessary to respect the actions of all countries of the anti-Hitler coalition and honor the memory of all those who died. My greatest wish is that world war 3 never happened. What do you think ?
2020.05.01 00:36 MaowShaska[DIPLOMACY] Pirates of the Dutch East Indies
A strange sound is received by a pirate radio station in the outskirts of Sevastopol. After realising it's morse code and writing down the dots and dashes, the offer is made clear. The message reads as follows:
[M] Translation of the morse code: To the Ukrainian pirates located in Sevastopol: The Dutch Ministery of Colonial Affairs requests your help with a smuggling job. The job will consist of sailing from Dar-es-Salaam in Tangayika to the Free City of Hollandia in Dutch New Guinea. The cargo will weigh around 60 to 70 kilograms each and is organic. You will smuggle two of these specimen, in addition to two Dutch undercover agents who serve as caretakers to the cargo. The Governmental Navy will send a detachment to meet you near Mauritius, after which you'll be escorted to Hollandia. In return, you will gain docking rights on the island of Texel for an indefinite time, while the naval base of Den Helder to the South of the island will serve as a cover for any activity you may wish to conduct. Though be warned, if trade is disrupted to a certain level, the guns of Den Helder will set their sights on Texel. You are not allowed to interact with the civilian population under any circumstances. Violation will be met with revoking the docking rights. Details, date and time of the departure from Dar-es-Salaam will be made known after the job has been accepted. As a nation with a long history of trading, it is expected that the pirates will not question the contents of the cargo. We hope this message is received by you in a decent state. Sincerely, Loyalists to Furstner [/M] As Hollandia is flourishing, dark fantasies become reality deep within the Papuan jungles. The search party sent to hunt down Furstner has not returned.
2020.04.28 15:59 XenosaurianTimeline of the Alien, Predator, Alien vs. Predator, and Prometheus Universe
Introduction The following is the official in-universe timeline of events as they unfold throughout the shared continuity of the Alien, Predator, Alien vs. Predator, and Prometheus franchises. While the cinematic timeline begins with Predator in 1987 and ends with Alien Resurrection in 2381, the shared universe technically began with the 1989 comic Aliens vs. Predator by Dark Horse Comics (which takes place at an unknown date) and was cemented together with the release of the 2004 film Alien vs. Predator (which takes place in the same year) and has been further expanded upon ever since throughout various Alien, Predator, Alien vs. Predator and Prometheus media, notably through the Fire and Stone (2014–2015) and Life and Death (2016–2017) comics by Dark Horse Comics. Throughout this fictional history, we see the Weyland-Yutani Corporation (simply known as "the Company") and its ancestral companies, Weyland Corporation (a.k.a. Weyland Industries) and Yutani Corporation (a.k.a. Yutani Incorporated), and affiliate organizations, such as OWLF/Project Stargazer, in their persistent pursuit of capturing and studying the Aliens (a.k.a. Xenomorph) and the Predators (a.k.a. Yautja), with civilians and military personnel, such as the United States Colonial Marines Corps, trying to combat and survive these extraterrestrial threats while either attempting to stop or aid the Company in achieving their goals. 18th Century
Unknown date: Raphael Adolini manufactures a Spanish-made flintlock pistol (which later was owned by the "City Hunter" Predator which stalked the streets of Los Angeles in the summer of 1997). 
Unknown date: Captain Raphael Adolini and his crew comes ashore on Guinea Coast. After battling his crew over his intention to return some stolen goods, a Predator named "the Golden Angel" joins the fight, leaving only Adolini and the Predator alive. Adolini is mortally wounded and gives his flintlock pistol to the Predator, who in return buries the deceased Adolini together with his own alien sword. 
October 10th: The whaler Emma sails to Bouvetøya island, Antarctica, at the start of the whaling season under the Nyberg Brothers oil company. The Emma successfully hunts almost 300 whales during the year. Suddenly the crew notices strange lights falling from the sky, after which the crew recovers a Predator pod and brings it back to their campsite, only to have crew-member Karl Johanssen finding a Predator killing off his entire crew. Johanssen escapes the scene and later returns almost dead due to severe hypothermia before becoming witness to a Predator fighting an Alien. 
Unknown date: A Predator stalks and kills mob boss Bruno Borgia in New Way City, USA, and after showing Bruno's head to his wife Isabella, she shoots the Predator in the eye, causing his blood to splatter on her and her infant son Hunter, after which the Predator is named "Scarface". The now one-eyed Scarface makes a hasty escape, leaving behind some of his equipment, and failing to kill himself during his attempt to escape, he's shamed by defeat for having exposed his race to the humans, and Scarface is exiled by his clan to a planet inhabited by deadly arachnoid alien creatures 
August 6th: Atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, and according to later US government records, the heat and conflict attracted Predators. 
Unknown date: Last known case of cholera. 
September 22nd: A mysterious explosion is detected by a Vela Hotel satellite over the Indian Ocean at Bouvet Island, Antarctica. The event eventually became known as the Vela Incident. Initially thought to be caused by a nuclear detonation or an airbust from a meteor crashing down to Earth, it was later theorized by Sebastian de Rosa to be caused by a Predator self-destruct device. Colonel Alexander Woods is in charge of an investigation into the event. 
Unknown date: A Predator lands in a Central American jungle while being tracked by Major Dutch Schaefer and his paramilitary team, leaving only Dutch as the sole survivor. 
October 1st: Peter Weyland is born in Mumbai, India, to an Oxford-educated Professor of Comparative Mythology and a self-taught engineer. 
Unknown date: A Predator stalks the streets of Los Angeles during a very hot summer while being pursued by Lieutenant Mike Harrigan and the secret government organization OWLF (the Other Worldly Life Forms Program) headed by CIA Agent Peter Keyes and second-in-command Agent Garber. Keyes is eventually killed by the Predator, leaving Garber in charge. After following the Predator into its own spaceship, finding a trophy room containing human skulls and the skull of an Alien, Harrigan partakes in a final fight with the Predator, killing it, only to find himself surrounded by his clan-members. The clan leader Grayback or "the Golden Angel" eventually gifts him Raphael Adolini's flintlock pistol. 
Unknown date: Colonel Alexander Woods submits his final report regarding an unexplained nuclear explosion off Bouvet Island, Antarctica, in 1979, and those believed responsible, but the results are inconclusive. His daughter Alexa "Lex" Woods begins working on 'The Ice', that is Arctic and Antarctic environments. 
Unknown date: Alexa Woods and her father climb Mount Ranier, but following complications from a broken leg, Colonel Woods dies during the descent. 
October 1st: Days after his 14th birthday, Peter Weyland is granted a Method Patent for a synthetic trachea (a cure for lung cancer) constructed entirely of synthetically-engineered stem cells. It is his 12th registered patent to date. 
October 10th: Billionaire and self-taught engineer Charles Bishop Weyland (original founder and CEO of Weyland Industries, a.k.a. Weyland Corporation) organizes an expedition traveling on the icebreaker Piper Maru to Bouvetøya island, Antarctica, to investigate an ancient pyramid buried beneath the ice. Crew-member Alexa "Lex" Woods, along with a few other crew-members, is brought on the Weyland 14 helicopter to the Piper Maru, and once on the island she questions why Weyland, suffering from lung cancer, partakes in such a perilous mission (recalling events where her dad Colonel Woods died while climbing Mount Ranier), after which he insists on being part of such a monumental discovery which will inevitably lead to him being rendered immortal through people's memory and the legacy he leaves behind. Discovering the pyramid to be a breeding ground for Aliens every 100 years intended for the ritualistic hunts of the Predators, everyone in the team ends up dead, including Mr. Weyland at the hands of a Predator named Scar (who in turn gets impregnated by an Alien Facehugger), leaving Alexa Woods as the sole survivor working together with Scar to take out the remaining Aliens and the Alien Queen before they reach the surface and take over the planet. The Queen ends up killing Scar before she's sent down into the Antarctic Ocean to be frozen alive. Scar's dead body is later brought on board a Predator mothership by his clan-members, with Lex being acknowledged as an Alien-killer by the clan leader before the mothership leaves the planet. A Predalien Chestburster later erupts from Scar's body. 
Unknown date: A Predator scout ship detaches from the mothership seen in Antarctica and crashes in Gunnison, Colorado, and releases a Predalien which starts building an Alien hive in the small town, leading to the US military dropping a tactical nuke on the town with a small group of people escaping with a Predator handgun, which is eventually acquired by Colonel Stevens of the US military and brought to Ms. Yutani (eventually leading to the development of advanced technology such as the FTL drives fitted aboard the USCSS Prometheus and the USCSS Nostromo). 
Unknown date: A group of mercenaries are brought to an alien planet acting as a game preserve for Predators. 
October 11th: Weyland Corporation is recognized as a legal entity and corporation under United States law and receives their Certificate of Incorporation from the Companies House in the United Kingdom. Due to the combined value of Sir Peter Weyland's various patents and patent-pendings, the company incorporates with a higher fair market valuation than any other company in history. 
March 27th: Weyland Industries launches first industrialized space mission to install solar panels that align and move in Earth's orbital plane but at an axial tilt, imitating a perpetual summer solstice. The renewable energy gathered in the months following this expedition made Peter Weyland his first billion. 
June 30th: Following Weyland's success with solar panels, Weyland Industries receives funding from a trio of major venture capital firms. 
February 2nd: Using a precursor to the atmospheric processor of his own invention, Peter Weyland is able to generate a localized synthetic atmosphere above the polar ice cap, effectively ending global warming. 
July 17th: At the age of 25, Sir Peter Weyland becomes one of the youngest people to ever achieve knighthood. 
December 10th: Sir Peter Weyland is honored with the Nobel Peace prize in Science for his extraordinary atmospheric work over the polar ice cap. 
December 19th: Using capital from his 2015 success, Weyland acquires copyrights to technology developed by NASA's innovative but poorly funded Project Prometheus. With Weyland's significantly augmented funding for the project, JIMO became a reality and proves the existence of simple life in Europa's ocean. 
Unknown date: A Predator spaceship crashes in Mexico and U.S. Army Ranger Quinn McKenna and a group of PTSD-afflicted soldiers work together to take down a pair of Predators, including a genetically enhanced Ultimate Predator, and prevent a possible invasion of the planet while the successor organization to OWLF, Project Stargazer (with connections to Yutani Corporation), seeks to capture and study the Predators. 
June 1st: Scientists from the Health Division identify the genetic chain of events for 98% of cancers. Using genetically-altered cells as well as elements found beyond Earth's heavens, Weyland successfully deploys an effective cure for almost all cancers. 
February 4th: Sir Peter Weyland is awarded the Nobel Peace prize in Medicine for his cancer cure. 
February 28th: In a now legendary TED Talk, Sir Peter Weyland clarifies his vision for Weyland Industries, laying the groundwork for the next 50 years of Building Better Worlds. 
August 5th: Weyland Industries earns patent number 8,128,899 for Method and Apparatus for cybernetic individuals for use in scientific and industrial environments. 
May 10th: Weyland military engineers make first significant improvement to rifling technology since the 19th century, tripling speed and doubling accuracy of projectiles. Exact rifling pattern and twist rate remain classified. 
September 6th: Weyland Industries makes first foray into the luxury goods market with its Holographic Environment Simulator. It is the first HES able to accurately recreate the aesthetic, mood and sounds of any place in the known world, as well as provide live video feed from any calibrated receiver. 
September 10th: Weyland Industries introduces first rifle (the Weyland Storm Rifle) able to track targets from over 500 klicks away, as well as determine target's health, physique and whether they can be locked down. 
January 7th: Weyland manufactures the first advanced android prototype model of its kind. He is affectionately called David 1, a name Sir Peter Weyland had initially reserved for his own human son. 
March 22nd: Weyland Industries earns patent number 9,158,239 for a chemical composition (an advanced polyurethane compound) of classified properties able to almost perfectly replicate the biological features and texture of human skin. 
June 3rd: Weyland Industries earns patent number 10,445,075 for Method and Apparatus for self-adjusting crosshairs that auto-process windage, Coriolis effect, trajectory, etc. -- eliminating the need for spotters and mathematical formulas. 
September 30th: Weyland acquires the world's largest public biotech firm, significantly bolstering the company's biotech holdings. 
November 18th: Weyland privatizes NASA's famous Kepler mission, increases its funding 10-fold and within the year discovers 6,546 more bio-compatible planets. 
January 1st: Weyland makes significant adjustments to the David 2 android prototype, facilitating David's first interaction with humans. This initial meeting is very promising. 
March 31st: Weyland Industries becomes first company in history to achieve a market capitalization of $100 billion in five years. 
May 20th: Weyland labs in San Francisco discover the body's ability to hypersleep (or stasis function) – the complete cessation of life processes, which can be restarted when stasis is removed. The search for a practical application begins. 
August 9th: Weyland Industries earns patent number 11,280,599 for Method and Apparatus for a device that enhances the capacity of an extraterrestrial planetary environment to support life; effectively the first fully-automated atmospheric processor. This patent is expected to make the founder's famous boast a reality: “There are other worlds than this one, and if there is no air to breathe, we will simply have to make it.” 
September 18th: Europe's nuclear research co-operative (CERN) runs out of government funding. Weyland acquires the organization as well as their largest particle accelerator and other facilities. 
December 12th: After years of litigation, Weyland wins the David patent lawsuit against the Japanese start-up Yutani Corporation, effectively protecting the investments of both Weyland Industries and its shareholders. 
Unknown date: The Predator known as "Scarface" is offered a chance for redemption by his clan-members as humans have been using the technology that he left behind on Earth in 1930 to destroy and capture other Predators and to wage mob warfare, culminating in the formation of Neonopolis, the successor to New Way City. The warring mob factions all pay tribute to Lucretia Borgia, daughter of Hunter Borgia and granddaughter of Bruno Borgia (who Scarface faced and killed in 1930). Scarface battles the mob in order to recover the stolen Predator technology and take control over the new city, eventually facing MOTHER, the computer that controls the city, controlled by his old adversary Isabella Borgia who releases a batch of Xenomorphs on Scarface before he ends up killing her along with her son Hunter, which in turn killed his own daughter Lucretia after having genetically enhanced himself with Predator DNA and gone insane. Scarface takes Hunter's head and declares the city as belonging to the Predator. Later, a man referred to as Mr. Weyland buys out Borgia Industries along with the new MOTHER computer, now run by Lucretia. 
July 27th: Weyland Industries earns patent number 12,004,556 for Method and Apparatus for a device (the Hypersleep Chamber) that can initiate, monitor and terminate hypersleep. HCs revolutionize space travel permitting increasingly longer, more advanced missions and enabling unprecedented discovery. 
August 10th: Terraforming begins on Luna with plans for multiple settlements. 
April 3rd: Weyland acquires four of the largest existing defense conglomerates in the world. These major acquisitions significantly bolsters multinational defense, security, and aerospace technology holdings. 
May 20th: Weyland scientists discover the inverse relationship between velocity and the flow of time making the long sought-after concept of faster than light travel a reality. The search for practical application begins. 
July 4th: Weyland creates new 5.56 millimeter round made of metals mined from the circumstellar habitable zone planets orbiting within Gliese 581 capable of traveling at max velocity in any atmosphere at any range. 
October 4th: Weyland Corp's one millionth employee is hired. His name is Dr. Richard Post and he serves as Chief Statistician to the Electronics Division. 
January 17th: Weyland Industries introduces the first FTL-capable SEV (space exploration vehicle), the Heliades. 
May 11th: The National Science Foundation (NSF) lifts restrictions on the commercial use of David androids. 
June 30th: After android regulations are lifted, the third generation David is deployed internally in order to test human acceptance of cybernetics individuals. Results are encouraging. 
July 21st: Weyland Industries opens several new offices across the globe expanding corporate presence to Greece, Antarctica, El Salvador, and South Africa to name a few. 
August 25th: Weyland Industries launches the Explorers Academy -- an alternative grad school for underprivileged college students interested in the fields of biotech, nanotech, cybernetics and terraforming. Top graduates of the program are offered positions at Weyland Industries. 
December 15th: Fortune 500 names Weyland Industries number one on their list of “10 best companies to work for.” 
December 21st: Weyland astronomers note an area of space appearing very rich in minerals and other natural resources. Weyland expected to travel there within the century. 
July 4th: Weyland Industries becomes chief employer of Asian Conflict veterans supplying 35% with steady work. 
March 2nd: Weyland Industries earns patent number 13,345,075 for Method and Apparatus for an add-on feature (Auto-Compensation) to Weyland Storm capable of compensating for composition, density, pressure and refractive index of any atmosphere. 
May 28th: Using the Weyland Atmospheric Processor, the first functional and breathable atmosphere is produced on planet GJ 667Cc clearing the way for further terraforming activities on other planets. 
May 14th: Weyland astronomers discover multiple moons (including Acheron LV-426) and a ringed planet just outside the Zeta 2 Reticula System, which are possibly able to support life. Weyland expects to travel there within the century. 
April 1st: David 4 becomes the first commercially available model of the David series. He is eventually expected to improve work-flow and efficiency at offices and homes across the world. 
August 18th: Weyland Industries awarded government contract to build and maintain HD 85512 b Class E Correctional Unit. Prisoners from Earth and other facilities are successfully relocated, and many have since been rehabilitated into society. 
November 20th: Weyland Industries writes $5 billion check to Little Explorers -- a charity dedicated to the education of troubled middle school students interested in science and technology. 
April 19th: Weyland Industries makes essential updates to on-planet transport. The new vehicle (the RT01 Group Transport) is capable of traversing any known terrain and has virtually no weight limit for cargo, passengers and equipment. 
February 14th: Weyland Industries earns patent number 14,524,002 for Method and Apparatus for first manned land-vehicle (the ATV NR6) capable of negotiating vertical surfaces. This technology permits Weyland scientists and terraforming teams to reach previously inaccessible destinations. 
July 7th: Weyland makes significant intellectual and emotional updates to the David 5 android, further increasing human acceptance. 
August 1st: NAFE (National Association for Female Executives) names Weyland Industries a Top 50 Company for Executive Women. 
January 29th: Weyland Industries earns patent number 15,725,924 for Method and Apparatus for a mechanised exo-skeleton (the Power Loader) used for lifting and moving heavy objects such as crates and vehicle weaponry. 
May 6th: Weyland Industries earns patent number 15,999,127 for Method and Apparatus for an ejectable luxury lifeboat pod able to sustain one human life for up to 50 years. 
July 22nd: Weyland introduces unique expedition security apparatus (or Portable Decontamination Pack) able to decontaminate indoor and outdoor environments. Apparatus mines surrounding air for flammable compounds, making it ultra light-weight as well as self-replenishing. 
August 9th: Weyland Industries introduces revolutionary, game-changing language tool (the Broca Dialectical Implant). It is the first-ever to require no actual learning on the consumer's behalf. 
September 2nd: Weyland Industries earns patent number 16,572,092 for Method and Apparatus for the first fully-automated diagnosis and surgical station (the Medpod 720I). 
February 26th: Only 7% of humans can recognize the sixth generation of David as a cybernetic individual. 
December 1st: Weyland Industries earns patent number 17,900,353 for Method and Apparatus for an antigravity device (the Spectagraph) that 3D live-maps any foreign terrain, revolutionizing the pre-process of terraforming and developing new colonies. 
August 11th: Significantly upgraded space suit includes a variety of Weyland patented features, such as cadium exo-skeleton; info display with mission details; vitals: environmental stats and more. 
June 23rd: Sir Peter Weyland Memorial Library built in Washington, DC. 
November 20th: As Weyland Industries expands their terraforming activities and colonial endeavors, the company is approached by the US government to begin work on the formation of a colonial peacekeeping force trained or populated by marines in the event of future conflict. 
April 7th: As production costs for the David series decreases, Weyland Industries is increasingly able to extend those savings to everyday consumers, leading to remarkable proliferation of the product. 
July 6th: Weyland builds and successfully deploys thousands of Seventh Generation Davids into workplaces across the universe. Human acceptance of David 7 reaches an all-time high thanks to Weyland's highly classified emotional encoding technology, David 7 can accurately replicate most human emotions down to the tiniest nuance while consistently achieving all mission objectives. 
July 13th: Samuel Brett is born in Houston, Texas, United States. 
June 30th: Since FDA approval, one dozen Medpods have been produced with tens of thousands on back order. 
May 13th: Weyland Industries becomes Worldwide Olympic Partner and official “Cybernetics Company” of the Olympic movement through 2091. 
August 16th: Weyland Industries earns patent number 18,364,003 for Method and Apparatus for device (the Synapse Reestablisher) able to temporarily restart brain activity of deceased individuals. 
March 9th: Weyland Industries consolidates all products and solutions into seven verticals: health, transportation, energy, electronics, terraforming, security and cybernetics. 
January 1st: Based on recent classified findings by Weyland researchers, the company determines the exact coordinates of a new destination for long-time pet project: Project Prometheus. New round of investment is immediately opened and mission planning enters full-swing. 
February 27th: Arthur J. Dallas is born in Wolf Point, Montana – United States. 
February 4th: Dennis Parker is born in San Diego, California, United States. 
April 20th: Thomas Kane is born in Borehamwood, Herts-UK, European Union. 
Unknown date: The Prometheus mission leaves for LV-223. 
January 7th: Ellen Ripley is born in Olympia, Luna, United States. 
November 7th: Joan Lambert is born in Ontario, Canada. 
Unknown date: Sir Peter Weyland, on a secret mission to be freed from his elderly sickly state and acquire eternal life, travels with a crew of scientists aboard the spaceship USCSS Prometheus to planet LV-223 to find the creators of mankind, called the Engineers, and ends up discovering a pathogenic mutagen with the ability to create Aliens as well as a hostile Engineer, leaving everyone in the crew dead, including Mr. Weyland, except for Doctor Elizabeth Shaw and the beheaded android David 8 who uses an Engineer Juggernaut spaceship to travel to the homeworld of the Engineers. 
Unknown date: Doctor Elizabeth Shaw sends out a transmission. 
Unknown date: The Weyland Corporation absorbs cybernetics rival Yutani; the Weyland-Yutani Corporation opens with the largest share value ever recorded on the Systems Exchange. 
Unknown date: The United States Colonial Marine Corps is established, through the National Security Act of 2101, with a strength of roughly 165,000 marines. 
Unknown date: South, Central, and North America form a financial collective, the United Americas. 
Unknown date: The colony spacecraft USCSS Covenant are traveling towards habitable planet Origae-6 when they are struck by a starburst and discover a signal from another habitable planet dubbed Planet 4 and decide to investigate it and discovers an Earth-like world filled with dead Engineers and new forms of Aliens, including the Neomorphs, being a result of a hostile David 8 android, from the Prometheus mission, having experimented with the pathogenic mutagen of the Engineers. The remaining crew members escape the planet, unknowingly having brought back David 8 to the Covenant, falsely believing him to be their own identical Walter android, ending up in him taking over the vessel, leaving the ship's colonists at his mercy and storing two Alien embryos among the ship's human embryos. 
Unknown date: Estimated date for the arrival of the USCSS Covenant on planet Origae-6. 
Unknown date: The USCSS Nostromo is constructed. 
Unknown date: Dr. Lucien Keitel finds traces of Aliens about 1.6 billion years old in Australia's Great Desert. 
Unknown date: After nearly a hundred years without a recorded incident, Predators attack a thousand-men-strong human colony on planet Midnight. 
June 12th: USCSS Nostromo is scheduled to departure from Thedus in 0600 hours. Captain Dallas sends a relay message received by Sevastopol Station informing of their departure.
Unknown date: The crew of the USCSS Nostromo, under contract with the Weyland-Yutani Corporation, are awakened from hypersleep to investigate a distress signal coming from the moon Acheron LV-426 in the Zeta 2 Reticuli System. Eventually they discover a crashed Engineer Juggernaut dubbed "the Derelict" and one of the crew-members, Kane, encounters Alien Ovomorphs and a Facehugger attaches itself to him. The resulting Alien hunts the crew, killing them one-by-one, and is faced by the lone survivor Warrant Officer Ellen Ripley, eventually discovering her crew-mate Ash is an android ordered to protect the Alien according to Weyland-Yutani's Special Order 937. Ripley escapes the ship on the lifeboat Narcissus after activating the self-destruct system of the Nostromo. Ripley soon discovers the Alien is on board the escape pod with her and she ends up ejecting it through the hatch, after which she enters into cryosleep. 
Unknown date: Seegson Corporation executives arrive on Sevastopol Station to reenergize the station, transforming it into a cosmopolitan hub. Some time later, the rerouting of the Sol-Thedus flight path decreases the activity on Sevastopol and the station was scheduled for decommission with its inhabitants gradually reduced to a skeleton crew. 
Unknown date: Cofounded by the Weyland-Yutani Corporation, Gateway Station is constructed. 
November 11th: H. Marlow arrives at Sevastopol Station on board the salvage vessel Anesidora requesting emergency medical attention for his wife C. Foster, who was attacked by an Alien Facehugger. Chief Marshal Waits chooses to skip quarantine procedures because the Anesidora have discovered the Nostromo flight recorder and it means a cut of the reward for the station's crew. 
November 13th: Dr. Lingard uploads a video log stating the Alien Facehugger parasite has done something to patient zero, Marlow's wife. 
November 14th: An Alien Chestburster hatches from C. Foster, killing her. Dr. Lingard signs her death certificate and cites her cause of death as classified. Marshal Waits and his men starts to hunt the creature with the intention of killing it. With the Xenomorph killing people, Seegson Corporation puts the station up for sale, making sure possible buyers know nothing about the situation aboard. 
November 21st: Weyland-Yutani purchased the Sevastopol Station and sent APOLLO new operational directives, including Special Order 939. 
Unknown date: Civilian engineer Amanda Ripley, daughter of Lieutenant Ellen Ripley, encounters an Alien at Sevastopol Station. 
Unknown date: Hadley's Hope, a Weyland-Yutani terraforming colony, is established on Acheron LV-426. 
Unknown date: An Alien outbreak occurs on planet LV-178 when trimonite miners unearth a Drukathi ship housing Alien Ovomorphs. The Narcissus, guided by the preserved consciousness of Ash, docks with the mining vessel Marion in an effort to obtain a living sample of the species to complete Special Order 937. Ellen Ripley helps the surviving miners gather supplies to get them away from LV-178 aboard the Marion, but all except Ripley and Chris "Hoop" Hooper survive. Ripley is safely sent away aboard the Narcissus with her memory of the experience wiped, while Hoop escapes on a second vessel with a slimmer chance of rescue. 
Unknown date: The Tientsin (Eta Boötis A III) campaign is fought by the U.S. Colonial Marines with a strength of 240,000 marines at the end of the campaign. 
Unknown date: The Marine 70 program is established late 2169 or early 2170 with the abandonment of the "triangular" system for a "pair" or "buddy" system, allowing more mobile and fast operations with "faster and meaner" teams. These changes include the use of two pair teams, one smartgun team and one rifle team, as well as the use of the UD4-L gunship and the introduction of the M577 APC. 
Unknown date: The M41A Pulse Rifle enters into service as a standard rifle. 
Unknown date: The Bishop AP model is introduced, designed by Michael Bishop Weyland in the likeness of Charles Bishop Weyland, the original founder of Weyland Industries who discovered an ancient pyramid of tremendous importance on Bouvet island, Antarctica, and met his fate in the same location. 
Unknown date: Colonel James Mortimer of the USASF, holds a STARTAC introductory seminar at the USCM staff college. 
Unknown date: The Narcissus is discovered floating in space 57 years later, and Ellen Ripley is brought to a medical space station orbiting Earth, where she's offered and accepts to follow a team of US Colonial Marines aboard the USS Sulaco on a mission to eradicate the Aliens attacking a Weyland-Yutani colony on Acheron LV-426, eventually discovering a 12-year-old girl named Newt as the sole survivor who helps them navigate the location. Weyland-Yutani, represented by Carter Burke, is revealed to be attempting to acquire specimens of these Aliens. Eventually, Ripley, Newt, Corporal Hicks, and android Bishop escapes the colony before it's destroyed in a nuclear explosion, seemingly eliminating the Aliens and the recently discovered Alien Queen, only to find the Alien Queen having been brought back to the Sulaco where Ripley battles it with a Power Loader and ejects it into space. Ripley and the survivors subsequently enters cryosleep. 
Unknown date: An Alien Ovomorph left on board the Sulaco causes the fire-detection system to place Ripley and the survivors of the LV-426 incident to be placed into an escape pod which crashes on prison planet Fiorina "Fury" 161, leaving Ripley as the sole survivor. She finds herself trying to eliminate an Alien set loose in the prison compound while being discovered to contain an Alien Queen embryo in her chest. Weyland-Yutani representatives, including Michael Bishop Weyland, arrives on the planet to collect the Alien specimens, only to find the Alien has been killed and Ripley ends up sacrificing herself in molten lead to stop the company from acquiring the Aliens. 
August 12th: An unnamed colonel blames Michael Bishop Weyland for the loss of the Sulaco and offers Weyland his help for a price. Space Command at O'Niell Station detects an unknown mass in the Zeta 2 Reticuli system and eventually identifies it as the Sulaco. 
September 5th: The Weyland-Yutani office on Gateway Station are made aware of the death of Carter Burke during the events at Acheron LV-426, as no data was recovered and the Bioweapons Division has the situation locked, and a briefing is made to discuss all the events back to 2122. 
September 11th: Weyland-Yutani dispatch an extraction team to the coordinates of the Engineer Juggernaut spaceship dubbed "the Derelict" on Acheron LV-426 and begin searching for it. Seiji Tanaka is in charge of the search party aboard of the Weyland-Yutani spacecraft Shinyo Maru. 
September 15th: The crew aboard the Shinyo Maru rediscover the Engineer Juggernaut spaceship dubbed "the Derelict" on Acheron LV-426 and recovers two Alien Ovomorphs for their Science Division, after which the Origin facility is established. 
Unknown date: The USS Sephora boards the USS Sulaco, dispatched to Acheron LV-426 17 weeks earlier, as a result of them responding to a distress call from Corporal Hicks and eventually ends up crashing to the surface of the terraformed moon with a battalion sized force. 
Unknown date: United Americas, EU/UK, China, Heelal Yo, and four independent Core System colonies form the United Systems. 
Unknown date: Weyland-Yutani engine core spacecraft the Geryon, transporting the command ship, the Helios, the salvage ship, the Kadmos, and the Perses, leaves for LV-223 on a mission to search for the missing Prometheus spacecraft, with Captain Angela Foster intending to finish the mission of the late Sir Peter Weyland. 
Unknown date: Colonial Marines on the planet Tartarus battle extraterrestrial hunters over the possession of a mysterious horseshoe-shaped spaceship of unknown origin. The Weyland-Yutani rep wants the ship, and the marine captain wants to protect her crew. 
Unknown date: United Systems Military is established. 
Unknown date: Weyland-Yutani colony at Nu Indi successfully sues for independence. 
Unknown date: Rival company Ridton markets advanced FTL drive; Weyland-Yutani loses USM contract for FTL vessels. 
Unknown date: Artificial Persons from the Alethea Collective are granted civil rights; all cybernetics divisions suffer financial loss. 
Unknown date: Megacorporations are banned; Weyland-Yutani loses final appeal to retain designation three years later. 
Unknown date: DNA samples from an Alien-implanted human (Ellen Ripley) are rediscovered by the USM. 
Unknown date: The first auton is manufactured, an android designed by androids. 
Unknown date: Following a violent uprising on Luna/AE, autons are recalled and destroyed. 
Unknown date: A clone of Ellen Ripley, dubbed Ripley 8, is produced on the military spacecraft USM Auriga through DNA left on Fiorina 161, and a new breed of Aliens are consequently produced through hosts provided by a crew of mercenaries, including the auton named Call, on board a spaceship named the Betty. Ripley 8 and the remaining survivors escape on the Betty, along with a Newborn Alien which is soon killed off, as the Auriga crashes down to Earth, destroying all the Aliens. 
Predator 2 (1990), feature film
Predator: 1718 (1996), comic book
Alien vs. Predator - Unrated Edition (2004), home video
Rising instability in Asia and the Middle East are not going unnoticed. New vehicles are being introduced to replace outdated ones. The army is starting to modernize as conflicts get nearer and nearer every day. Procurement Budget: 10,000,050,000 $ Unspent Funds: 7,346,000 $
Ground Forces - Procurements
Mobile surface-to-air missile/anti-ballistic missile system
https://preview.redd.it/p9uioh9snlq41.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=18a8b21eaaa64f32194b8213872e696ba9ac40b1 Molotov was one of the improved Kirov-class cruisers that saw service throughout World War II in the Black Sea. She was commissioned into the Soviet Navy in June, 1941, after over 5 years of construction. As an upgraded version of the Kirov-class, Molotov had marginally improved armor but much better fire-control systems, superstructure, and turrets. She also had a slightly enlarged hull for increased range, yet her new Russian-built power plant gave her increased speed. When Operation Barbarossa began, Molotov was one of the only ships in the Black Sea equipped with radar and provided vital early warning protection for Sevastopol. She provided troop transport and shore bombardment for the area until August 1942, when her stern was destroyed by a torpedo bomber. She was still in repairs when the use of large naval units was forbidden, so the war was over for the Molotov. She remained in the Soviet Navy until 1972.
Molotov assisted in rescuing the crew of the battleship Novorossiysk, after it exploded in 1955.
Her 180mm guns were based on a 203mm design but relined down to size.
April 6th till April 14th Tier V Premium Russian Cruiser Molotov becomes available in two different bundles for 22 222 Doubloons and 19 999 Doubloons. The first bundle will include:
- a memorable flag - 10 x Big Soviet Crates, - a stack of special Victory camouflage, - and a set of Credits and Boosters.
The second bundle contains:
- 7 x Big Soviet Crates, - a stack of special Victory camouflage, - and a set of Credits and Boosters.
She will also be sold by herself for 10 000 Doubloons with no end date for the sales yet.
This year the Armed Forces will be focusing on the home front. The recent aggressive policies of Ukraine are a major concern at the moment. Other than that the procurement order is being focused on defence and peacekeeping operations. Procurement Budget: 9,210,000,000 $ Unspent Funds: 35,823,000 $
Ground Forces - Procurements
Mobile surface-to-air missile/anti-ballistic missile system
Plans of Serial Production are in the works. More Prototype Models Produced
Due to Recent attack of Russian Radio Station in Ukraine and the conflicts in the Middle East, we must build up to be safe and ready. We must start to modernize and look into Logistics and Safety firsts before getting heavier guns. Procurement Budget: 9,210,000,000 $ Unspent Funds: 0.00 $
Ground Forces - Procurements
Mobile surface-to-air missile/anti-ballistic missile system
Will be undergoing trials and test by the Artillery Battalions
2020.03.23 11:42 tompeters77Crimea, a problem for Europe, not only for Ukraine
https://preview.redd.it/6k1x76dnieo41.jpg?width=399&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=16f54f2ebfbad9d718a9b98bb4080f461efe12a3 Six years ago, on March 18, 2014, Russia completed the annexation of Crimea by organizing a fake vote on the peninsula. As the anniversary of the Crimea referendum at gun point approached, the United States (M. Pompeo), the European Union (J. Borrell) and Turkey (M. Cavusoglu) declared they keep in mind the annexation of the peninsula and do not recognize its affiliation by the Russian Federation. For professional diplomats such declarations are the usual thing. For example, on September 2, 1990, the separatists from the Transnistrian region proclaimed independence from Moldova relying on the Russian military contingent. It can be anticipated that close to this date representatives of different states will make numerous statements about the counterproductiveness of the 30-year-old “frozen conflict” between Chisinau and Tiraspol (in fact, Moscow). In this regard, the question arises, why should the ordinary citizens of the European continent, not the politicians only, keep in mind the fact of Crimea occupation!? They need to remember, and that is why…
Russia claims that Crimea and Sevastopol have become part of the Russian Federation independently and voluntarily. In fact, by transferring armed formations to the peninsula, and hiding behind the elderly, women and children Russia committed the act of military aggression, which had been prepared, as a number of signs show, for several years. By doing so, Russia violated numerous bilateral treaties, though it never announced a withdrawal from them or their denunciation. It also violated international law (the inviolability of borders established after the WWII and the sovereignty of another state), calling into question the possibility of supporting civilized relations with other states. Taking into account that it is not the first time Russia has neglected international law (Chechnya, Abkhazia, Ossetia, Transnistria), it has transferred itself to the category of rogue countries.
Russia claims that the 2014 pseudo-referendum was the result of the spontaneous expression of the will made by the residents of the peninsula. In fact, yet since the collapse of the USSR (in 1991) the Russian leadership set the task of annexing Crimea to Russia. As it comes from the memoirs of the first leader of new Russia’s advisers, B. Yeltsin was convinced that sooner or later Ukraine would “come to Moscow on bended knee”, and even then he considered the question of the territorial affiliation of the peninsula a tactical ploy only.
But Ukraine, to the surprise of the Russian politicians, turned out to be a stable and viable state. Therefore, after pro-European president V. Yushchenko came to power in 2005, the authoritarian Russian leader V. Putin decided not to let the situation run its course. Taking advantage of Kyiv’s extremely soft policy toward national minorities, Moscow systematically conducted an aggressive information campaign in the south of Ukraine and in Crimea aimed at tearing the territories away. Although young generations of Crimeans were pro-Ukrainian and pro-European, in 2014 during the so-called “Russian Spring” in Crimea V. Putin managed to rely on the elderly generation, who felt nostalgia for life in the USSR, and attract it to his side.
Russia claims that by the annexation of Crimea historical justice was restored since the peninsula has been the patrimony of the Russian people since ancient times. In fact, after the Tauri tribe (which gave the peninsula a Greek name — Tauris), various cattle-breeding tribes of Iranian origin (Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians) and the proto-states of Goths (with a separate Gothic diocese), the Greeks colonized the entire Black Sea coast of the peninsula.
They got a toehold in Crimea — having survived the Bosporus kingdom, the Roman Empire and Byzantium — from the sixth century B.C. to the middle of the 15th century A.D. That is Greeks who can believe Crimea is a primordially Greek land, however, this does not pop into their head. The ancient Slavic state of Kievan Rus (the successor of which Ukraine, but by no means modern Russia, may itself consider) traded and fought with Crimea, but never controlled it. Unlike, for example, the Venetian and Genoese republics, which fought fiercely for Black Sea ports. At the same time, modern Italians also do not lay any special claims to the peninsula. From the middle of the 15th and until the end of the 18th century the Crimean Khanate and its overlords — the Ottoman Empire — rule over the peninsula. Only in 1783 under the rule of Empress Catherine II the Crimean Khanate was liquidated, and the peninsula officially became part of the Russian Empire. Since there were few Slavs in Crimea (particularly Christians, since those Slavs hijacked into slavery eventually took root on the peninsula and adopted Islam), the Russian Empire proceeded to “squeezing out” the Crimean Tatars from their land. About 300 thousand of Tatars of the approximately 450 thousand living in Crimea, were forced to leave the peninsula and settled in various provinces of the then Ottoman Empire (mainly in the territory of modern Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey). In 1795 the peninsula was almost empty! All Tatars who left were replaced by the Russian Empire with representatives of the Russian ethnic group. Russia made the same maneuver twice later — after 1944 and after 2014!
The Russian Federation claims that Crimea and Sevastopol were annexed without firing a single shot. In fact, at least three people died — two Ukrainian servicemen and one civilian. On March 3, 2014, Crimean Tatar R. Ametov took part in a peaceful rally in front of the Crimean government building in Simferopol, protesting against Russian aggression and seizure of state institutions by the Russian military without identification marks. After that he was stolen by Russian special services, and two weeks later he was found dead in the forest with signs of torture on his body. This terrible death was the beginning of a campaign directed against the entire Crimean Tatar community of the peninsula.
The Russian Federation claims that Crimea population is a completely satisfied with their new life, warmed by the rays of Kremlin sun. In fact, after the annexation, Ukrainian passports were forcibly withdrawn from the inhabitants of the peninsula. Those dissent and dissatisfied were threatened with the deprivation of private property, imprisonment or expulsion from Crimea.
Over the past six years, Moscow has been pursuing a policy of demographic substitution in Crimea — Russians (in particular, military pensioners) are highly welcomed to remove to the peninsula, while Crimean Tatars are diluted by Tatars from the Volga, Ural and Siberia. The Russian intelligence services accuse the Crimean Tatars of all mortal sins, and above all, of extremism and Islamic radicalism. Kremlin even came up with an incredibly convenient scheme: no matter how many Russian military personnel, “volunteers” or “private military company” fighters were captured during military operations in eastern Ukraine, Russian special services may arrest the required number of Tatars in Crimea for subsequent “prisoner exchange” between Kiev and Moscow.
The Russian Federation claims that the peninsula has every chance to regain the old glory of the “All-Union health resort”, turning into a successful European-scale resort. In fact, the sixth year of the unprecedented militarization of Crimea, with the deployment of tactical nuclear weapons and nuclear submarines on the peninsula runs on. It seems that soon only James Bond and other special agents will be interested in recreating at such a resort, while ordinary people (Ukrainians, Belarusians, Moldovans, Poles, often vacationing in Crimea) now prefer more restful and peaceful places.
Well, if inviolability of international law, adherence to the rules of the game on the world stage, respect for the sovereignty of other states, for human rights and freedoms mean more than an empty phrase for Europeans, then Crimean issue should not be forgotten, we should talk about it constantly, at all the international platforms.
2020.02.23 03:53 TesshouSome historical info on upcoming russian ships
Gallery: https://imgur.com/a/SdRySpL I didn't intend to nag you with wiki copypasta(but it more or less happened anyway) or be Drachinifel 2.0, just post some very,very short info on them, provide link to en wiki page and post some photos. As to why exactly they were chosen, your speculations are as good as mine, but i don't mind them at all. Armored Cruiser Pamyat Merkuria Launch date: May 20, 1902 Wiki info: Pamyat MerkuriaBogatyr-class cruiser Naming: Started as Kagul, but was renamed to *Pamyat Merkuria* in 1907. Not to be confused with her sistership [RU] Ochakov), which has her own history and took the name Kagul in same 1907. There was a tradition of naming certain ships in honour of previous heroic ships of the past. In this case, she's named after brig Merkuriy (Mercury) which was known for heroic fight* with two turkish ships-of-the-line in 1820. *Here is short summary. So, to honour this, she was named Pamyat Merkuria, meaning "Memory of Merkuriy". Later on, she was renamed to Hetman Ivan Mazepa on 17 September 1918 and formally handed over to the Ukrainian State's Navy. Around 1922-23 she was renamed to Komintern, under which name she served till 1942, when she was badly damaged by german airstrikes and sunk as breakwater in mouth of Khobi river. Short historical info: served her career in Black sea, much like Merkuriy. Battleship Gangut Launch date: October 11, 1911 Wiki info: Gangut Gangut-class battleship Drachinifel's 5-minute guide Naming: She is named after Battle of Gangut in 1714, and isn't the first ship to be named after that as it was the first important victory of the Russian fleet in its history. In 1925 she was renamed to Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya (October Revolution), which is obviously revolution of 1917. A bit of interesting info: she helped in defence and siege of Leningrad(i.e. St.Petersburg) from 1941 to 1943, and provided fire support in 1944 in a couple of offensives, with both main guns and AA guns, was hit a couple of times, but flew the flag and continued service remaining damaged instead of docking. Some of her crew were sent on landing mission, but it went badly. During one of artillery duels on april 1943, enemy shell ignited AA ammo which threatened to spread and cause AA and secondary ammo magazine explosion. Severely wounded petty officer I.I. Tombasov started throwing ignited ammo overboard, but last shell exploded in his hands. He died, but saved whole ship. Or at least so story goes. Also appears in Kancolle, if that info is of any use to you. Destroyer leader Minsk Launch date: November 11, 1935 Wiki info: MinskLeningrad-class, project 38 series Naming: named after capital of Belarus, as most soviet destroyer leaders of that type were named after USSR republic capitals. History: served in Baltic fleet along with Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya ( Gangut ), helped in evacuation of Tallin in 1941, struck a mine during cruise to Leningrad but arrived there for repairs. During one of air raids in 1942 she was badly damaged by dive bombers and sunk, but was refloated and served until 1958 where she was sunk as target ship. In 1950s was renamed twice, to Chorokh (in 1954), then to UTS-14 (in 1956). There are also story of Yevgeny Nikonov, but it has some controversy. Destroyer leader Tashkent Launch date: December 28, 1937 Wiki info: TashkentTashkent-class Naming: same as Minsk, Tashkent is a capital of Uzbekistan, former USSR republic. Had a nickname "The Blue Cruiser". History: ordered in Italy, served in Black sea. Known for participating in evacuation efforts in Odessa and Sevastopol. During evacuation of besieged Sevastopol, rescued 2,100 wounded and remaining part of the Siege of Sevastopol) panorama while being severely damaged. A few days after arriving in Novorossiysk was sunk by german dive bombers and was refloated in 1944, but considered non repair-worthy was scrapped in Nikolayev. Through her war career, travelled 27000 miles, safely convoyed 17 transports, ferried 19300 people and 2538 tonnes of cargo, shot down 13 enemy planes, sunk 1 torpedo boat, silenced 6 batteries and damaged 1 airfield (according to memoirs of captain V.N. Yeroshenko). Also appears in Kancolle. Destroyer Grozny Launch date: July 31, 1936 Wiki info: Gnevny-class destroyer[RU] Grozny[RU] Grozny (WoWs history wiki)) Naming: grozny means "formidable" or "terrible". Brief history: served in North fleet. Accompanied north convoys. Laid mines. Shot down 6 planes, damaged or sunk 1 submarine (after dropping two series of depth charges, oil stain was spotted on water). Saved her sistership Gromkiy, who was left without fuel in open sea, providing 117 tonnes of fuel. Runs aground and damages her propeller and after being towed to open water was attacked by air strike. Arrived safely to harbour only after receiving same 117 tonnes of oil from oil tanker. Some time after repairs participated in PQ-17 search and rescue operation. Sunk as one of the nuke target ships in 1957 along with her two sisters and took the most damage being closest to explosion. Sistership to Anshan sisters. Tattoo on her ankle in her skin reads as "Gnevny" (Wrathful). http://sovnavy-ww2.ho.ua/destroyers/pic/grozny.jpg Battleship Sovetskaya Rossiya Wiki: Project 23 Name: means "Soviet Russia" Laid down (which i think is closest to cake day?): March 03, 1940 History: WoWs fans know what it is. But if you are not one of them, this is a never finished soviet project of battleship which intended to rival Yamato-class and Montana-class in most of their stats. Sadly, start of the war cancelled these glorious plans, and 3 hulls in constructions were scrapped or blewn up. Strange and cool at the same time. Strange, because this class probably should've been PR, cool because it appears anyway. For those interested, there is a comparison table between Yamato, Montana, H-39 project and Sovetskiy Soyuz in russian wiki page. Light Cruiser Chapayev Launch date: April 28, 1941 Wiki: Chapayev-class_cruiser Name: named after Vasily Chapayev, quite interesting person. History: Laid down before the war(1939), her building was put on hold until after the war(commisioned in 1950). Served in North Fleet. Decommisioned in 1960, partly scrapped in 1964, with the rest of wreck beached and used as base for the pier (probably, 69°00'29.2"N 33°00'56.6"E on gmaps). Vasiliy Ivanovich Chapayev is a hero of many russian anecdotes and jokes. Any feedback would be appreciated. Thank you for your read.
2020.01.30 08:31 Erhard_Eckmann[Secret] State of the Surveillance State
State of the Surveillance State
The status of personal freedoms and liberties has slowly but surely been infringed in the Russian Federation over the past six years. Reforms enacted by President Putin in 2020, specifically the Russian Police Reforms set off a cascade of events caused the Russian people to begin sacrificing their personal liberties for security- but behind the scenes, giving up these liberties came at a cost. As 2026 marches forward, the Russian Federation has slowly, but surely become even more authoritarian than it previously was. The oppressive reforms came alongside a series of radicalizing events that acted as camouflage for what was actually happening behind the scenes. As Russia became embroiled in a head-line covering War in the Donbass, the Russian State Duma quietly passed the Police Reform hoping few would notice. Firstly, the policy enacted Transport Camera Policing. Many argued that this was a necessary maneuver giving the horrific driving qualifications within interior Russia. While at the time, Russia was undergoing a major investment in interior road and highway upgrades, most shrugged their shoulders and were thankful that they could get rid of the dashcam system. Within a year, the transport camera system went up across the country, which did make roads safer, and it even made the government a little bit of money. However, previously, Russian Police had to personally pull over offenders, there was never such a convenient system as letting cameras do all the work, despite being discussed in many countries around the world. Without much criticism, it was slid into place and remains in 2026 as one of the highest grossing non-tax revenues for the government. Then the Public Security Database was implemented. This policy required Russians to register their living spaces and government documents into a Russian-style Hukou system. Additionally, it included fingerprinting and a facial scan. All documents and personal information were stored with the Russian Police and the FSB. It was reasoned that through pushing this policy through with forensic databases that it would make the Russian Federation safer and crimes would get solved faster. However, at the time, Russia was beginning a third installment of the Chechen War, it made sense to register citizens to find their locations if they committed crimes or terrorist acts. This large breach of personal liberties were also swept under the rug with the conflicts embroiling Russia's outskirts. Afterwards, the Ministry of Internal Affairs developed and implemented what is known as the Russian Safety Network. The Russian Safety Network is a massive surveillance camera network that encompasses all cities within the Russian Federation with more than 50,000 people. It calls upon the information stored within the Public Security Database to idly scan the faces of individuals and log their location and other information into the system. It was argued that the Russian Police and intelligence would use it to locate criminals and speed up arrest times, even going as far as crime prevention through the monitoring of suspicious persons. It was effective finding missing persons and identifying those of suspicion and foreign agents, however once implementation hit Grozny- it became a whole other issue. The FSB began automatically passing monitoring warrants on Chechen individuals which were further extended to Muslims of interest and "possible radical agent" - a term used to include almost every single military aged Muslim male south of Rostov-on-Don. As terrorist attacks to include the stabbings in Moscow began to mount, the restrictions on who could be monitored began to fade until the RSN evolved into an essential nanny-state. The FSB was monitoring political figures who opposed United Russia, questionable journalists, foreign citizens and tourists from Western countries, and the list quickly became ever growing. Without reaching full implementation of the system yet, which will complete in 2030, FSB brass estimates that 62% of the country was being watched actively with their information being stored. Eventually, due to the number of persons and AI's it would take to effectively manage such a program, the FSB decided that they would allow the RSN to record everything it saw and heard from individuals. FSB servers began filling with information from citizens, residents, and tourists alike, as it constantly collected information without discrimination. The FSB attempted to delegate teams to sift through specific types of information, while one division would work on Political Dissidents, the others would work on Organized Crime, or the "Chechen Department." It quickly became clear that the FSB would not be able to focus on conducting foreign espionage if it had to include every person to monitor happenings around the country. That was when gold hit the Russian Federation. When Belarus' secret police was integrated, the FSB had an out. They quickly created a subsidiary called the State Security Service, whose sole task was to carry out secret police tasks of monitoring its own citizens, dealing with dissidents, cracking down on sensitive political issues like "Chechen rights." Quietly, President Medvedev discovered that the State Security Service was growing too big to be an FSB subsidiary, and made its own intelligence branch, the State Security Service- keeping the name. They became completely responsible for the Russian Safety Network, while passing relevant information on to the FSB and the Russian Police. The State Security Service was quick to lay out their requirements:
Between the ages 18-35
Pass a Government Physical Fitness Examination
Have a Valid Driver's License
Pass the Security Knowledge Battery (General Aptitude Test)
Satisfactory Scores on the Intelligence Writing Element
Member of United Russia or the Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Hold a Bachelor's Degree or given five years of military service
Pass a Psychological Interview
Pass a full-scope background check
Pass a series of polygraph examinations
Obtain a Top-Secret Security Clearance
Pass the Preliminary Agent Physical Fitness Test
The State Security Service tailored their own full-scope background investigation and their State Disclosure Form-1. The State Disclosure Form-1 became easily the most stressful step of the entire onboarding process since it essentially became a life-dump to the the agency itself. Candidates would be expected to tell pretty much everything so it would be almost completely clear to the agency, who these candidates where and if they could be trusted. A few of the requirements included:
General Information: Place, Date of Birth, Family Members
Family Background: History of Immediate Family
Education History: Dates, Locations, and Certificate Proof of Completion and Attendance, Teacher Reference for High-School and above
Work History: Dates, Locations, ManageBoss Reference
Criminal History: Charges, Sentence, Dates, Story, and Reference of Investigating Officer
Foreign Travel: Dates, Locations, Purpose for Travel
Foreign Contacts: Any information known on the contact, a foreign contact is considered a person who is not a citizen of the Russian Federation or a CSTO Member State and recognizing that citizenship as their primary citizenship, If contact is questionable the applicant will be asked to cut ties.
References: Vouch for the character, work ethic, motivations, loyalties, merits and flaws, behavior, and locations of the candidate
The State Security Service was quick to establish their new nondescript headquarters and training facility in Gomel with a $1 Bn grant to begin. The facility was quite vast and included barracks for 6,000 potential agents, faculty, and administration. Outfitted with its own airport with security restrictions elevated into space, a firing range, an indoor pool, and millions of dollars of state-of-the-art equipment. The State Security Service moved quickly to establish nondescript offices around the country, sometimes within police precincts to disguise itself, however other facilities were more open like prisons. The prisons were created for those that the State Security Service wanted to keep out of the criminal justice system. Things like foreign spies, terrorists, political dissidents, critical journalists. Something completely off the grid, where they could be held quietly at the furthest edges of Russia completely dislocated from reality. This would effectively help put major dissidents and political outbursts within Russia under the control of a central organization. Adorning olive green military uniforms they would run their day to day operations, and when in public they would look like civilians. The State Security Service would look to fill its ranks with 1,000,000 employees with a budget of almost $10 Bn annually. They created operations in:
2: Alfred Hitchcock Presents debuts on the CBS TV network in the United States. 3: The Mickey Mouse Club debuts on the ABC-TV network in the United States. 4: The Reverend Sun Myung Moon is released from prison in Seoul, South Korea. 5: Disneyland Hotel opens to the public, in Anaheim, California. 11: 70-mm film for projection is introduced, with the theatrical release of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical film, Oklahoma! 14: The Organization of Central American States secretariat is inaugurated. 20: Disc jockey Bill Randle of WERE (Cleveland) is the key presenter of a concert at Brooklyn High School (Ohio), featuring Pat Boone and Bill Haley & His Comets, and opening with Elvis Presley (Elvis's first filmed performance), for a documentary on Randle titled The Pied Piper of Cleveland. 26: After the last Allied troops have left Austria, and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, the country declares its permanent neutrality / Ngô Đình Diệm proclaims Vietnam to be a republic, with himself as its President (following the State of Vietnam referendum on October 23), and forms the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. 27: The film Rebel Without a Cause, starring James Dean, is released in the United States. 29: Soviet battleship Novorossiysk explodes at moorings in Sevastopol Bay, killing 608 (the Soviet Union's worst naval disaster to date).
2019.06.12 15:04 autotldrRussia Staging 'Significant' Military Buildup in Crimea: Report
This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 43%. (I'm a bot)
U.S. intelligence officials say that Russian forces are undergoing a "Significant" military buildup in the contested Ukrainian region of Crimea, including around Soviet-era military installations. One U.S. official told Defense One on Wednesday that satellite imagery of Russian positions in the region depicted "a deliberate and systematic buildup of their forces on the peninsula." A second official added that Russian forces could "Strike targets beyond the Black Sea, including southern Europe and Syria, without even departing Sevastopol." The buildup of Russian forces comes despite demands from the U.S. and other NATO countries dating back to 2014 which demand the return of Crimea to Ukraine before normalized relations with Russia can continue. Sarah Bidgood, an expert on nonproliferation efforts throughout Russia and the former Soviet Union, told Defense One in a statement that increased forces in Crimea "Suggests that Russia is interested in being able to exercise more control over the Black Sea, which then affords them the ability to project power beyond their immediate environment." The U.S. has maintained a position that Crimea belongs to Ukraine, and in November imposed sanctions on Russian businesses and individuals accused of operating in the region.
Summary SourceFAQFeedbackTopkeywords: Russian#1forces#2Crimea#3Black#4buildup#5 Post found in /worldnews. NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
2019.05.11 03:11 asphaltcement123Effort post: countering Pat Buchanan's recent article "Are All the World's Problems Ours?"
This is the article: https://townhall.com/columnists/patbuchanan/2019/05/10/are-all-the-worlds-problems-ours-n2546122 > Query: How successful was Operation Iraqi Freedom, which cost 4,500 U.S. lives, 40,000 wounded and $1 trillion, if, 15 years after our victory, our secretary of state must, for his own security, sneak into the Iraqi capital? Nowhere as successful as it could have been, for the U.S. made several large mistakes in the occupation of Iraq, from de-Baathification of local police forces and the government to having U.S. soldiers engage in the major work of rebuilding the country’s infrastructure, instead of allowing the Iraqis to do so and thus helping them to identify more with the occupation government (this is covered in the book The Big Stick: The Limits of Soft Power and the Necessity of Military Force). Also, the U.S. didn’t invest enough in anti-terrorist propaganda, which on top of the lack of U.S. understanding of the Iraqis resulted in many becoming terrorists and resisting the occupation. Then there was Obama’s catastrophic decision to pull U.S. troops out of Iraq, which destroyed whatever stability Iraq had and contributed to its takeover by ISIS. Iraq has been freed from ISIS for less than 2 years — of course it is still unstable. It takes time for a country to become stable, especially when the U.S isn’t spending much money on stabilizing and rebuilding that country. THAT is why Pompeo must secretly visit Iraq, as opposed to visiting in the open. Contrary to what Mr. Buchanan suggests, the current instability in Iraq isn’t due to the U.S. invasion of Iraq itself, but due to America’s lack of effort and terrible mistakes in rebuilding the country after invading, and also Obama's disastrous withdrawal. If the U.S. had invaded Iraq and dealt with it properly, it would have been a lot more stable. > we received reports Iran was about to attack U.S. forces. The attack did not happen. But on Thursday, Tehran gave 60 days' notice that if it does not get relief from severe U.S. sanctions, it may walk out of the nuclear deal it signed in 2015 and start enriching uranium again to a level closer to weapons grade. We have sanctions on Iran in the first place because they are an implacable enemy of the U.S., and the Iranian government itself has made this clear. Even after we signed the Iran deal, Iran continued to fund terrorist groups such as Hezbollah, Hamas, and others. They started sending aid and troops to help Syria's government, a prominent funder of terrorist groups and a stooge of Russia. If anything, the removal of sanctions on Iran under the 2015 nuclear deal further emboldened the Iranians to fund terrorist groups and undermine U.S. interests in the Middle East. Additionally, it’s debatable whether the 2015 nuclear deal would actually have prevented Iran from gaining a nuclear weapon, but maybe it was the best option realistically. Either way, consider that : > Burden of proof is on IAEA. The purpose for giving the IAEA authority to investigate suspicious sites is to allow inspectors to quickly and effectively ensure that activities or facilities that might seem irregular are not illicit. If the IAEA already had absolute knowledge of what was going on at these facilities, the inspections would not be needed. This process, however, requires the IAEA to give Iran its evidence for wanting to inspect undeclared facilities in order to gain access to them. But it is precisely to gain such evidence in the first place that inspectors would be seeking access. This provision requires inspectors to have more than suspicions with which to convince Iran to grant them access, rather than placing the burden on Iran to prove that it is not conducting illicit nuclear activities. > In other words, rather than being able to immediately visit and figure out what is going on at a suspicious site, the IAEA must first tell Iran that it has suspicions, provide it the basis for those suspicions, and ask Iran for clarification. This would then launch a type of arbitration process that could last anywhere between 24 and 54 days before a resolution is reached > The real timeline for access is 54, not 24 days. The process for the IAEA petitioning Iran for access to a suspicious site is 24 days long, but there is no immediate penalty for Iran continuing to deny access after that period. If it does so, Iran would then be subjected to a 30-day dispute resolution process before it would be threatened with any consequences for failing to let IAEA inspectors go where they want to. > Kim rejects the U.S. demand that he surrender all nuclear weapons and dismantle the facilities that produce them before any sanctions are lifted. He wants sanctions relief to go hand in hand with the disposal of his arsenal. Few believe Kim will surrender all of his nukes or his ability to replicate them. As far as I know, the U.S. tried giving the North Korean regime sanctions relief under both the Clinton and Bush administrations in return for North Korea getting rid of its goals of becoming a nuclear power. Sometimes, sanctions relief may work, but it clearly hasn't worked in the case of North Korea. Unfortunately, generosity isn't always the right policy to combat evil. > The clash with Kim comes days after the failed U.S.-backed coup in Caracas, which was followed by Pompeo-Bolton threats of military intervention in Venezuela, a country 100 times the size of Puerto Rico with 10 times the population and a large well-equipped army. Well, in 1945, Japan had a population of 71,998,104 , and Puerto Rico in 1945 had a population of 2,070,000 . This means that in 1945, Japan had a population of nearly 35 times that of Puerto Rico in 1945. And yet, the U.S. was able to successfully occupy Japan, force a democratic constitution on them, and stabilize the country. Today, Japan is one of the closest allies of the U.S., with one of the world's most advanced militaries. This is despite the fact that Japan had a "large well-equipped army" in 1941, which was much more powerful relative to the United States army than the Venezuelan army is today. Also, in the time that America refuses to intervene in Venezuela, Russia and China are funding the Venezuelan government, enabling the Venezuelan army to equip itself even better. If America was able to successfully occupy Japan and turn it into a model of democracy, despite Japan's world-class military in 1941 and the fact that its population in 1945 was nearly 35 times that of Puerto Rico in 1945, I am sure we can do the same in Venezuela. It might even be easier in Venezuela, since Venezuela has a much longer of history of democracy than Japan did in 1945. > This week also, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Joe Dunford told Congress that the U.S. will have to keep counter-terrorism forces in Afghanistan "until there is no insurgency left in the country." Which sounds like forever, as in "forever war." Then let it be a "forever war" -- or would Mr. Buchanan rather have terrorists gaining a safe haven in Afghanistan yet again? Already the Taliban is starting to regain control of many parts of Afghanistan, and Mr. Buchanan thinks this is the right time for U.S. troops to exit? > Before flying to Baghdad, Pompeo was in Finland. There, he warned the eight-nation Arctic Council about Russian aggression in the region, suggested China's claim to be a "near-Arctic" nation was absurd and told Canada's its claim to the Northwest Passage was "illegitimate." Our Canadian friends were stunned. "Those waterways are part of the internal waters of Canada," said the government in Ottawa. I can't comment on this, I don't know enough about the Arctic region and territorial claims there. > After an exhausting two weeks, one is tempted to ask: How many quarrels, clashes and conflicts can even a superpower manage at one time? And is it not the time for the United States, preoccupied with so many crises, to begin asking, "Why is this our problem?" We can manage several quarrels, clashes, and conflicts. Throughout the Cold War, the U.S. was managing conflicts in multiple regions of the world, from Latin America to Europe to Africa. For instance, in the 1980s, the U.S. was heavily involved in Nicaragua and El Salvador, while also being involved in Afghanistan to defeat the Soviets there, while also deploying missiles to Europe and dealing with European governments' pitifully weak stance towards the Soviets, while also negotiating with the Soviet Union to bring the Cold War to an eventual close. On top of this, the Reagan administration involved the United States was involved in the Iran-Iraq war, in which the U.S. Navy sunk a significant portion of the Iranian navy. All this time, from 1983-1988, the United States saw 4.42% economic growth, something most economists believed was impossible, even while military spending skyrocketed and the U.S. was far more involved globally than in the 1970s. Also, the U.S. is now spending less than 4% of GDP on defense, as contrasted to nearly 10% under the Eisenhower administration. We can certainly afford to be more involved in the world. The skyrocketing U.S. national debt has little to do with overspending on defense -- it is primarily due to Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid. As PolitiFact notes, the notion that the U.S. spends 50% of its budget on defense is complete nonsense: "Rather than the federal budget being dominated by the military, the budget is actually dominated by spending on Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid" . In reality, as of 2015, defense and Homeland Security spending accounted for just 16.2% of U.S. federal spending . > Perhaps the most serious issue is North Korea's quest for nuclear-armed missiles that can reach the United States. But the reason Kim is developing missiles that can strike Seattle or LA is that 28,000 U.S. troops are in South Korea, committed to attack the North should war break out. That treaty commitment dates to a Korean War that ended in an armed truce 66 years ago. Hm... I wonder why 28,000 U.S. troops are in South Korea? Could it maybe have to do with the fact that without U.S. troops, North Korea would attack South Korea, as it did around 70 years ago? North Korea hasn't changed one bit since then in terms of its insanity and horrific human rights record -- so chances are very high that in the absence of U.S. troops, North Korea would once again invade South Korea, as it did around 70 years ago. What a golden opportunity for Russia and China to gain control of the Korean Peninsula! > If we cannot persuade Pyongyang to give up its nuclear weapons in return for a lifting of sanctions, perhaps we should pull U.S. forces off the peninsula and let China deal with the possible acquisition of their own nuclear weapons by Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. This is essentially asking for a catastrophic nuclear war, to be frank. I shouldn't even need to debunk this. > Iran has no nukes or ICBMs. It wants no war with us. It does not threaten us. Why is Iran then our problem to solve rather than a problem for Saudi Arabia, the Gulf States, and the Sunni Arabs? As mentioned earlier, Iran does in fact threaten us, and it's debatable whether the Iran deal would actually have prevented Iran from gaining access to a nuclear weapon (though as mentioned earlier, perhaps it was the most realistic option at the time). Also, it's not as if America is the only country to try and solve the problem of Iran -- an unlikely coalition of Middle Eastern countries (including Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates) are also playing a role in attempting to solve this problem. > Nor does Russia's annexation of Crimea threaten us. When Ronald Reagan strolled through Red Square with Mikhail Gorbachev in 1988, all of Ukraine was ruled by Moscow. You disgust me, Mr. Buchanan. Nor did the Berlin Blockade threaten us. Does that mean we should have let the Russians continue to starve Berlin until it gave in to the communist machine? And what of the message it would have sent the Soviets that the U.S. is unwilling to stand firm against Soviet aggression? Would a weak U.S. stance on the Berlin Blockade not have significantly increased the chances of the Soviet Union marching its armies all the way to the Atlantic Ocean? And what about the message it sent Vladimir Putin when Western countries merely slapped sanctions (severe ones, to be fair) on Russia without sending military aid to the Ukranians in 2014? Also, with regards to Crimea, it contains the Port of Sevastopol, which is "one of the few warm deepwater ports available to Russia in the Black Sea, which it used to lease from Ukraine, till it annexed it in 2014" . So even if Russia's annexation of Crimea doesn't directly threaten us, it means that Russia has far more influence than it used to. Warm deepwater ports mean everything in terms of Russian trade, and in terms of Russian naval deployment in the Black Sea. > The Venezuelan regime of Nicolas Maduro was established decades ago by his mentor, Hugo Chavez. When did that regime become so grave a threat that the U.S. should consider an invasion to remove it? When Russia started sending military aircraft there? When Russia and China, our most formidable enemies, started sending lots of aid to the Maduro regime, at the same time as China’s military and economy have gained enormous clout, and at the same time that Russia has become newly aggressive and resurgent? > During the uprising in Caracas, Bolton cited the Monroe Doctrine of 1823. But according to President James Monroe, and Mike Pompeo's predecessor John Quincy Adams, who wrote the message to Congress, under the Doctrine, while European powers were to keep their hands off our hemisphere -- we would reciprocate and stay out of Europe's quarrels and wars. As mentioned in this very quote, under the Monroe Doctrine, European powers were to keep their hands off the Western Hemisphere. Russia is a European power that is trying to gain a foothold in the Western Hemisphere. Thus, under the Monroe Doctrine, it is fully justified for the U.S. to intervene in Venezuela to prevent Russia from gaining even more influence there. We also want to prevent China from gaining too much influence in Venezuela, but that wouldn't fall under the Monroe Doctrine, since China isn't a European power. However, China is an even bigger threat than Russia, so even if the Monroe Doctrine doesn't cover it, the U.S. must vigorously resist Chinese intervention in Venezuela. > Wise folks, those Founding Fathers. Yes, they were wise. But they never envisioned a world where the United States was the most powerful nation in history, and the only nation that can defend the free world against the forces of tyranny. The fact is, we are the only ones who can do it. This is not 1776.  https://bipartisanpolicy.org/blog/delayed-inspections-jcpoa-provisions-for-iaea-access-to-suspicious-sites/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demography_of_the_Empire_of_Japan)  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Puerto_Rico  https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-metestatements/2015/aug/17/facebook-posts/pie-chart-federal-spending-circulating-internet-mi/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_of_Sevastopol
2019.05.05 10:56 cradle_mountainHelp Deciphering Old Letter
I just inherited a letter written by an ancestor dated 1855. It’s on very thin paper, about 4 pages long and the ink is legible but a little faded, and I need some help deciphering it. Does anyone know of a service anywhere in Melbourne that can help me decipher and transcribe it? Edit: Thank you to those who suggested posting it here. I had no clue when I put it up that I would be in custody of a letter from Captain Matthew Dixon VC (later Major General), one of the first group of Victoria Cross recipients, sent from the Battle of Sevastopol, Crimean War, in June 1855. My family has been in possession of this letter the whole time (I presume) but unfortunately any history around its circumstances was lost, hence this post asking for help to learn its contents. Thank you to u/elcheezy for keenly interpreting and transcribing without guesswork the written letter and to u/melbourne_wanderer for the same. You can see his posts below for all 10 pages of it. While still incomplete in parts, you can still get a pretty full picture of the author’s writings. I’m not sure about others, and perhaps I’m sentimentally biased, but it gave me goosebumps reading his first-hand account of battle and its aftermath. Hope you enjoy reading it; while the physical item is a family heirloom, I believe its contents should be available to anyone and everyone who is interested. Edit 2: There’re some questions over the author and date of the letter compared with the envelope as pointed out by u/melbourne_wanderer Images: Envelope: https://imgur.com/gallery/2M2YhH4 Page 1: https://imgur.com/gallery/bUqj4jd Pages 2 and 3: https://imgur.com/gallery/Mqas0hl Edit 2: Link to public dropbox of all 10 pages
2019.04.29 17:27 veganmarkDid you see the 60 Minutes piece last night about NATO and "the Russian threat"?
Precisely what "Russian threat" is this? Are we supposed to believe that Russia has secret plans to reestablish the Soviet Empire by invading the Baltics, Poland, Romania, etc.? And perhaps embellish its former empire by adding Scandinavia to its booty? In what fantasy land would that happen? It is the US and NATO that have broken their pledge to Gorbachev that NATO would be expanding "not one inch" eastward - a promise which the Papa Bush administration made to achieve Russia's consent that East Germany could re-unite with West Germany and join NATO. The "Russian aggression" which the West complains of has happened since Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia in 2008. This motivated Russophilic populations in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, bordering Russia, to assert their independence from Georgia. Russia did not attempt to assimilate these communities, but it did come to the aid of South Ossetia when the Georgian military invaded South Ossetia in an efffort to bring it to heel. More recently, after the US played a key role in fomenting a neo-Nazi-led coup in Kiev that threw out of power a president (Yanukovych) that most Russophilic Ukrainians had voted for, the US effectively blessed the coup by recognizing the coup goverment, and neo-Nazi gangs commenced literal slaughters of Russophiles, Russophilic eastern provinces of Eastern Ukraine refused to accept the new government and fought government troops. Russia provided arms to the rebels, but did not invade, and has refused to annex this region despite requests to do so. Crimea is a special case, as this region has been part of the Russian Empire since Catherine the Great defeated the Ottoman Empire in the 18th century. Unaccountably, and without asking the permission of the Crimean people, Khrushchev "donated" Crimea to the Ukrainian SSR in the mid 1950s, not realizing that some day Ukraine would become a separate nation. Crimea is of key geopolitical significance to Russia, as Sevastopol is Russia's only southern port, and anyone who thought that Russia would allow NATO to grab Crimea was naive in the extreme. But this was the evident intent of the Western powers who supported the 2014 coup, hoping that this would be a prelude to incorporation of Ukraine in NATO. Russian troops were already stationed in Crimea, in line with Russia's longstanding agreement with Ukraine on this issue. Hence, Russia did not "invade" Crimea. When the Ukrainian civil war erupted, the duly elected Crimean parliament chose to hold a referendum asking for re-unification with Russia. Crimeans voted overwhelmingly for this referendum, and Russia assented to annex Crimea. This reunification was achieved with only a handful of casualties. So that's the horrid "aggression" that we are supposed to be so concerned about. Russia has shown that it will protect the interests of Russophilic communities on the border of Russia. Yet only in the case of Crimea has it agreed to annex these communities. There is zero reason for people in the Baltics, Norway, Poland, Germany, Czech Republic, etc., to fear being overrun and occupied by the Russian bear. For Russia to attempt such a thing would be sheer madness. This would be about as likely as, say, Argentina trying to conquer all of South America. Should the South Americans be encouraged to spend trillions of dollars on armaments and militaries to counteract "the Argentinian threat". NATO is simply an out-dated scam, involving transfer of ginormous amounts of money from the American and European peoples to our insatiable MIC. 60 Minutes confirms that they are a key accomplice to this scam. If we want to have a more humane society along the lines of the Social Democracies which Bernie would like to emulate, we need to cut back drastically on our pointless military empire and arms spending. Don't listen to the scam artists!
2019.03.30 10:17 robot301_01ZT黑客组织截获电邮证明乌克兰反对派，北约，CIA，东-突- 疆-独势力密切联系 by DNFDW on 2014-03-02
http://lt.cjdby.net/thread-1794584-1-1.html The Hacktivist Group Anonymous Ukraine has been able to hack the e-mail accounts of the Udar Party as well as the electronic correspondence of the deputy head of the Ukrainian nationalist party, The Stepan Bandera Trident, one Andrey Tarasenko. Anonymous Ukraine released an e-mail between Tarasenko and the Deputy Chairman of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People Aslan Omer Qirimli in which he asks for more powerful weapons, information on the location weapons caches in Kerch, Feodosia, Simferopol, Sevastopol and Yalta. The e-mail released by Anonymous Ukraine is dated January 28, 2014 so its operational value is questionable but it does show the true nature of the “peaceful demonstrators” on the Maidan and in Ukraine. Anonymous Ukraine has also hacked the e-mails of NATO offices and bodies in Ukraine and those of several US officials operating in Ukraine with more releases soon to appear on the internet, according to sources in Anonymous. The e-mail between Tarasenko has been independently verified and appears authentic. It has not been translated into English as of publication so this is the first. The original was in Russian with some grammar errors. Unlike Klitschko who speaks English and German as well as Ukrainian and Russia, Tarasenko appears to speak only Russian and Ukrainian. Text with comments: "Everything is going according to plan. We are ready to proceed to the second part of the play.” He referenced the “play” and the “plan” this provides further evidence of the staged and controlled nature of the coup in Ukraine. “As agreed last week, my guys together with our brothers from the "Carpathian Sich" and UNA-UNSO are ready at first command to take the instruments where they are needed.” The Carpathian Sich is apparently a new formation that little is known about but the UNA-UNSO is a neo-nazi nationalist organization, like most “Defense Leagues” and stands for the Ukrainian National Assembly - Ukrainian National Defense. The “instruments” is obviously a reference to weapons and the other “tools” the armed neo-nazis are using to overthrow the government and terrorize the Ukrainian people. “From you we only need you to identify the coordinates of the caches in Simferopol, Sevastopol, Kerch, Feodosia and Yalta and the times we are to meet.” This is an important sentence because it shows the compartmentalized nature of the command structure and the cells. Obviously the members are well-trained and judging by their infiltration of the security services and their ties to foreign intelligence and financial sources, as well as public meetings with US officials and intercepted communications there again appears to be the hand of CIA planners at work, however US/NATO/CIA have been extremely careful in covering their tracks, choosing to use German, Turkish and other intermediaries to control their agents in Ukraine. “Yes, there is one more request. There is a lot of game, we need more hunting gear, helmets and sticks. Do not forget the soda in glass bottles, as well as fuel for them. Also, more gas masks and first aid supplies would not hurt.” Referring to police and security forces as “game”, as if they are animals, shows how the neo-nazis have dehumanized their targets, also clear from the way they are killing police and beating them to death with steel pipes in the street. His reference to “soda” or “carbonated fluid” is not clear but the follwng request “fuel” might indicate a chemical weapon of some sort, active when mixed. “I understand that our Turkish friends and have already done a lot, but you know me - I never ask for anything extra.” The Turkish connection is the most complex but Crimea has long established Turkish- Islamist underground consisting of Crimean Tatars and surprisingly, according to sources, Uighurs from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. The Crimean Tatar groups have long been preparing for the proclamation of an independent state and pursue conflicting goals from the Ukrainian Nationalist. However they are united against one enemy which they must both neutralize, namely the Russian-speaking population of the peninsula. The fact that he says “you know me” shows that they have “worked” together before. “The game was not easy to scare off and the Molotov cocktails do not work on them. We need something more serious. I hope you understand me.” Again calling the police and law enforcement “game” is chilling and his call for something more serious is obviously a reference to either heavier weapons or possibly some sort of homemade or other “chemical weapon” as I stated earlier. “As for the money, do not worry: everything will be in the best possible form, but at a later date. In the end, you know that if we are successful you will get a lot more." This sentence appears to show that money has already changed hands but that currently the neo-nazis may be short of funds. Saying the “best form” apparently implies that there are several methods of payment acceptable but one is preferred. The fact that they will pay much more later shows they have already agreed on a sum but that they will pay more. 具体内容翻译我会很快跟上。。。恩，24小时以内吧。。
1566 points: heliocntricrationale's comment in Album - Ulithi Atoll and the Central Pacific Fleet of the United States Navy WWII (512 pics) [1234 x 5678]
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